Next Article in Journal
Green Ceramic Machining: Influence of the Cutting Speed and the Binder Percentage on the Y-TZP Behavior
Previous Article in Journal
Characterisation of Laser System Power Draws in Materials Processing
Open AccessReview

Distributed Manufacturing of Open Source Medical Hardware for Pandemics

by 1,2,3
1
Department of Materials Science & Engineering and Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
2
Équipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs (ERPI), Université de Lorraine, 54000 Nancy, France
3
School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, 02150 Espoo, Finland
J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2020, 4(2), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp4020049
Received: 4 April 2020 / Revised: 13 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
Distributed digital manufacturing offers a solution to medical supply and technology shortages during pandemics. To prepare for the next pandemic, this study reviews the state-of-the-art of open hardware designs needed in a COVID-19-like pandemic. It evaluates the readiness of the top twenty technologies requested by the Government of India. The results show that the majority of the actual medical products have some open source development, however, only 15% of the supporting technologies required to produce them are freely available. The results show there is still considerable research needed to provide open source paths for the development of all the medical hardware needed during pandemics. Five core areas of future research are discussed, which include (i) technical development of a wide-range of open source solutions for all medical supplies and devices, (ii) policies that protect the productivity of laboratories, makerspaces, and fabrication facilities during a pandemic, as well as (iii) streamlining the regulatory process, (iv) developing Good-Samaritan laws to protect makers and designers of open medical hardware, as well as to compel those with knowledge that will save lives to share it, and (v) requiring all citizen-funded research to be released with free and open source licenses. View Full-Text
Keywords: pandemic; influenza pandemic; open source; open hardware; COVID-19; COVID-19 pandemic; medical hardware; open source medicine pandemic; influenza pandemic; open source; open hardware; COVID-19; COVID-19 pandemic; medical hardware; open source medicine
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pearce, J.M. Distributed Manufacturing of Open Source Medical Hardware for Pandemics. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2020, 4, 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp4020049

AMA Style

Pearce JM. Distributed Manufacturing of Open Source Medical Hardware for Pandemics. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing. 2020; 4(2):49. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp4020049

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pearce, Joshua M. 2020. "Distributed Manufacturing of Open Source Medical Hardware for Pandemics" J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 4, no. 2: 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp4020049

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop