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The Effect of Switchback Parameters on Root Pass Formation of Butt Welds with Variable Gap

1
Center of Mechanics, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Pará, Belém-PA 66093-020, Brazil
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Pará, Belém-PA 66075-110, Brazil
3
Laprosolda (Center for Research and Development of Welding Processes), Federal University of Uberlandia, Uberlândia-MG 38400-902, Brazil
4
Department of Engineering Science, University of West, S-461 32 Trollhättan, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2019, 3(3), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp3030054
Received: 17 June 2019 / Revised: 27 June 2019 / Accepted: 1 July 2019 / Published: 5 July 2019
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Abstract

Root pass manufacturing in automated welding is still a challenge when the backing plate is not feasible. Using the concept of bead formation in an original way, the GMAW (Gas Metal Arc Welding) switchback technique was assessed against linear movement as a means of facing this challenge. Experimental work was applied, keeping the process parametrization and joint configuration, so that only the switchback parameters were modified, i.e., the stroke lengths and speeds. Thermography was used to estimate the effect of the switchback parameters on bead formation. The results showed the potential of the switchback technique as a means of favoring weld pool control. Surprisingly, the operational gap range is not necessarily larger when switchback is applied. The strong influence of stroke lengths and speeds on the process performance was characterized. In general, the results showed that linear movement leads to larger pools and deeper penetrations, more adequate for gaps with no clearances. Shorter stroke lengths and slower stroke speeds (intermediate pool size) better suit root gaps that are not too wide, while longer stroke lengths and faster stroke speeds (smaller pool size, more easily sustainable) are applicable to larger root gaps. View Full-Text
Keywords: GMAW; switchback; root pass; thermography GMAW; switchback; root pass; thermography
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Almeida, H.A.L.; Teixeira, F.R.; Mota, C.A.M.; Scotti, A. The Effect of Switchback Parameters on Root Pass Formation of Butt Welds with Variable Gap. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2019, 3, 54.

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