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Towards Optimization of μ-Injection Molding Process for a New V-Shaped Geometrical Component Using X-ray CT-Based Quality Characterization

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
2
Department of Management and Engineering, University of Padova, 36100 Vicenza, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Institut de Recherche Technologique SystemX, 91120 Palaiseau, France.
J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2019, 3(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp3010013
Received: 27 December 2018 / Revised: 18 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 23 January 2019
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Abstract

The influence of micro-injection molding process parameters on a molded component’s quality is very prominent. Depending on the functional performance of the part, the desired quality is defined by several criteria which may include dimensional tolerances, shrinkage/warpage, fiber characteristics, and internal defects. A correlation of process parameters with the defined quality attributes needs to be investigated for a new geometrical component. In this work, a micro-component with a new V-shaped geometry is chosen, as this type of geometry finds potential applications in the medical industry. The parts are manufactured with polyoxymethylene resin with a full-factorial design of experimental plan with investigating parameters of mold temperature, melt temperature, injection speed, and packing pressure. The number of internal pores and amount of volumetric shrinkage are identified as the critical quality criteria and the effect of the process parameters is studied with respect to those criteria. The measurement results indicated that the presence of pores is inevitable within the chosen process window; however, the amount can be minimized with careful selection of process settings. Moreover, the statistical analyses demonstrated the significance levels of the process parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: micro-injection molding; design of experiment; internal defects; X-ray computed tomography micro-injection molding; design of experiment; internal defects; X-ray computed tomography
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Rathore, J.S.; Lucchetta, G.; Carmignato, S. Towards Optimization of μ-Injection Molding Process for a New V-Shaped Geometrical Component Using X-ray CT-Based Quality Characterization. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2019, 3, 13.

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