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Open AccessArticle

Parametric Thermal FE Analysis on the Laser Power Input and Powder Effective Thermal Conductivity during Selective Laser Melting of SS304L

Department of Mechanical Engineering, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
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J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2018, 2(3), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp2030047
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 6 July 2018 / Accepted: 12 July 2018 / Published: 14 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Additive Manufacturing)
A low-cost parametric finite element thermal model is proposed to study the impact of the initial powder condition, such as diameter and packing density, on effective thermal conductivity as well as the impact of the laser power input on the final temperature distributions during selective laser melting (SLM). Stainless steel 304L is the material used, since it is not yet commercially available in SLM equipment and our main goal was to show the capabilities of the finite element method in the evaluation of power input in the process. The results from our sensitivity analysis showed that packing density has a greater impact on the final temperature distributions compared with powder diameter variance. However, overall the thermal conductivity of the powder only showed significant effects below the melting point, otherwise the thermal conductivity no longer affected the temperature distributions. Among the three different power inputs analyzed, the temperature profile demonstrated that power inputs of 100 and 200 W are recommended when printing SS-304L rather than 400 W, which generates too high temperature in the powder bed, a non-favorable behavior that can induce high residual stresses and material evaporation. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing modeling; selective laser melting; powder compaction; effective thermal conductivity; finite element method additive manufacturing modeling; selective laser melting; powder compaction; effective thermal conductivity; finite element method
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MDPI and ACS Style

De Moraes, D.A.; Czekanski, A. Parametric Thermal FE Analysis on the Laser Power Input and Powder Effective Thermal Conductivity during Selective Laser Melting of SS304L. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2018, 2, 47.

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