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J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2018, 2(2), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp2020033

Effect of Laser Welding Process Parameters and Filler Metals on the Weldability and the Mechanical Properties of AA7020 Aluminium Alloy

1
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844, USA
2
Department of Physical Metallurgy of Non-Ferrous Metals, National University of Science and Technology (MISIS), Moscow 119049, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 April 2018 / Revised: 26 May 2018 / Accepted: 29 May 2018 / Published: 1 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Findings and Approaches in Machining Processes)
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Abstract

This research work aims at finding the optimum process parameters for the laser welding of AA7020 aluminium alloys. The use of 7xxx series alloys is limited because of weldability problems, such as hot cracking, porosity, and softening of the fusion zone despite its higher specific strength-to-weight ratio. AA7020 aluminium alloy was welded while varying the process parameters so as to obtain optimal welding efficiency. The welded samples were analysed to reveal the microstructure, defects, and mechanical properties of the welded zone. The samples were prepared from a plate of AA7020, which was hot rolled at a temperature of 470 °С to a thickness of 1 mm. The welding was carried out at an overlap of 0.25 mm, duration of 14 ms and argon shield gas flow rate of 15 L/min. Process parameters, such as peak power, welding speed, and pulse shaping, were varied. The samples were welded with Al-5Ti-B and Al-5Mg as filler metals. The welding speed, peak power, and pulse shaping have a great influence on the weldability and hot cracking susceptibility of the aluminium alloy. Al-5Ti-B improves the microstructure and ultimate tensile strength of AA7020 aluminium alloy. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser beam welding; Aluminium alloys; filler materials; mechanical properties; process parameters laser beam welding; Aluminium alloys; filler materials; mechanical properties; process parameters
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Adisa, S.B.; Loginova, I.; Khalil, A.; Solonin, A. Effect of Laser Welding Process Parameters and Filler Metals on the Weldability and the Mechanical Properties of AA7020 Aluminium Alloy. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2018, 2, 33.

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