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Article

Context-Specific Challenges, Opportunities, and Ethics of Drones for Healthcare Delivery in the Eyes of Program Managers and Field Staff: A Multi-Site Qualitative Study

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Department of Health Information Science, Faculty of Information and Media Studies, FIMS & Nursing Building London, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
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School of Health Studies, Labatt Health Sciences Building London, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
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WeRobotics, 1204 Geneva, Switzerland
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Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, FIMS & Nursing Building London, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Drones 2020, 4(3), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/drones4030044
Received: 7 July 2020 / Revised: 1 August 2020 / Accepted: 13 August 2020 / Published: 17 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Drones for Medicine Delivery and Healthcare Logistics)
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), also known as drones, have significant potential in the healthcare field. Ethical and practical concerns, challenges, and complexities of using drones for specific and diverse healthcare purposes have been minimally explored to date. This paper aims to document and advance awareness of diverse context-specific concerns, challenges, and complexities encountered by individuals working on the front lines of drones for health. It draws on original qualitative research and data from semi-structured interviews (N = 16) with drones for health program managers and field staff in nine countries. Directed thematic analysis was used to analyze interviews and identify key ethical and practical concerns, challenges, and complexities experienced by participants in their work with drones for health projects. While some concerns, challenges, and complexities described by study participants were more technical in nature, for example, those related to drone technology and approval processes, the majority were not. The bulk of context-specific concerns and challenges identified by participants, we propose, could be mitigated through community engagement initiatives. View Full-Text
Keywords: drones; unmanned aerial vehicle; health; healthcare; delivery of health; care; drones for health; ethics; practical challenges; community engagement; stakeholder participation drones; unmanned aerial vehicle; health; healthcare; delivery of health; care; drones for health; ethics; practical challenges; community engagement; stakeholder participation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeyabalan, V.; Nouvet, E.; Meier, P.; Donelle, L. Context-Specific Challenges, Opportunities, and Ethics of Drones for Healthcare Delivery in the Eyes of Program Managers and Field Staff: A Multi-Site Qualitative Study. Drones 2020, 4, 44. https://doi.org/10.3390/drones4030044

AMA Style

Jeyabalan V, Nouvet E, Meier P, Donelle L. Context-Specific Challenges, Opportunities, and Ethics of Drones for Healthcare Delivery in the Eyes of Program Managers and Field Staff: A Multi-Site Qualitative Study. Drones. 2020; 4(3):44. https://doi.org/10.3390/drones4030044

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jeyabalan, Vyshnave, Elysée Nouvet, Patrick Meier, and Lorie Donelle. 2020. "Context-Specific Challenges, Opportunities, and Ethics of Drones for Healthcare Delivery in the Eyes of Program Managers and Field Staff: A Multi-Site Qualitative Study" Drones 4, no. 3: 44. https://doi.org/10.3390/drones4030044

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