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Insecticidal Activity Evaluation of Phenylazo and Dihydropyrrole-Fused Neonicotinoids Against Cowpea Aphids Using the MLR Approach

Institute of Chemistry, Romanian Academy, Bul. Mihai Viteazu 24, 300223 Timisoara, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 22nd International Electronic Conference on Synthetic Organic Chemistry, 15 November–15 December 2018; Available Online:
Proceedings 2019, 9(1), 18;
Published: 14 November 2018
PDF [886 KB, uploaded 20 March 2019]


This paper presents a Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) study of a series of 24 dihydropyrrole-fused and phenylazo neonicotinoid derivatives, with insecticidal activity tested against Cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora). In this regard, the conformational search ability of the OMEGA software was employed to model neonicotinoid conformer ensembles, using molecular mechanics calculations based on the 94s variant of the Merck Molecular force field (MMFF94). The minimum energy conformers were used to calculate structural descriptors, which were further related to the insecticidal activity (pLC50 values), using the multiple linear regression (MLR) approach. The genetic algorithm was used for variable selection and several criteria for internal and external model validation. A robust model (r2 = 0.880, r2adj = 0.855, q2LOO = 0.827, s = 0.2098, F = 34.295) with predictive power (concordance correlation coefficient (CCC)ext = 0.945, r2m= 0.824) was obtained, using the QSARINS software. The developed model can be confidently used for the prediction of the insecticidal activity of new chemicals, saving a substantial amount of time and money.
Keywords: neonicotinoid; MLR; Omega; cowpea aphids; QSARINS neonicotinoid; MLR; Omega; cowpea aphids; QSARINS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Funar-Timofei, S.; Bora, A. Insecticidal Activity Evaluation of Phenylazo and Dihydropyrrole-Fused Neonicotinoids Against Cowpea Aphids Using the MLR Approach. Proceedings 2019, 9, 18.

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