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Characterization of a WASN-Based Urban Acoustic Dataset for the Dynamic Mapping of Road Traffic Noise

GTM—Grup de Recerca en Tecnologies Mèdia, La Salle—Universitat Ramon Llull, Quatre Camins, 30, 08022 Barcelona, Spain
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Presented at the 6th International Electronic Conference on Sensors and Applications, 15–30 November 2019; Available online:https://ecsa-6.sciforum.net/
Proceedings 2020, 42(1), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/ecsa-6-06637
Published: 21 April 2020
Road Traffic Noise (RTN) is one of the main pollutants in urban and suburban areas, negatively affecting the quality of life of their inhabitants. In the context of the European LIFE DYNAMAP project, two Wireless Acoustic Sensor Networks (WASN) have been deployed to monitor RTN: one in District 9 of Milan, and another along the A90 motorway of Rome. Since the dynamic mapping system should be able to identify and remove those Anomalous Noise Events (ANEs) unrelated to regular road traffic (e.g., sirens, horns, speech, and doors), an Anomalous Noise Event Detector (ANED) has been included in the dynamic noise mapping pipeline to avoid biasing the computation of the equivalent RTN levels. After deploying the 24 low-cost acoustic sensor networks in both pilot areas, WASN-based acoustic datasets were built to adapt the previous version of the ANED algorithm to run in real-operation conditions. In this work, we describe the preliminary results of the analysis of the 154 h WASN-based urban acoustic dataset obtained from the Milan city in terms of the main characteristics of ANEs. The results confirm the unbalanced nature of the problem (83.7% of the data corresponds to RTN), showing the urban WASN-based dataset a larger number of ANEs with higher local predominance than what was observed in the previous expert-based recording campaign, which underlines the importance of the accurate modeling of the urban acoustic environment to train the ANED properly.
Keywords: dataset; wireless acoustic sensor networks; dynamic noise mapping; low-cost sensors; road traffic noise; anomalous noise events; acoustic urban environment dataset; wireless acoustic sensor networks; dynamic noise mapping; low-cost sensors; road traffic noise; anomalous noise events; acoustic urban environment
MDPI and ACS Style

Alías, F.; Socoró, J.C.; Orga, F.; Alsina-Pagès, R.M. Characterization of a WASN-Based Urban Acoustic Dataset for the Dynamic Mapping of Road Traffic Noise. Proceedings 2020, 42, 60.

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