Next Article in Journal
The Effect of SAP and POSS Additives on the Durability of Concrete in Artic Environments
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of Artificial Waste on the Strength of Cementitious Composites
Order Article Reprints
Font Type:
Arial Georgia Verdana
Font Size:
Aa Aa Aa
Line Spacing:
Column Width:

Feasibility of Using Biomass Fly Ash in Cementitious Materials †

Laboratoire de Génie Civil et géo-Environnement (LGCgE), Artois University, EA 4515, 62408 Béthune, France
Materials Institute, University of Mons-Hainaut, 7000 Mons, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 1st International Conference on Smart Materials for Sustainable Construction—SMASCO 2019, Luleå, Sweden, 10–12 December 2019.
Proceedings 2019, 34(1), 12;
Published: 18 November 2019


In recent years, numerous studies focused on the development of sustainable cement-based binders through the use of supplementary cementitious materials such slag, fly ash, metakaolin, silica fume, pozzolan, etc. The use of wood biomass for power generation is increasingly common which lead to an important amount of waste produced in the combustion process such as fly ash, which must be transported to landfills for deposition, or used as sludge in farming. Depending on their chemical and physical characteristics, wood biomass fly ashes could be reuse in blended cements as supplementary cementitious material. Different sources of biomass fly ashes have been selected to evaluate their potential for use as a cement replacement. Their chemical and mineralogical compositions, as well as their morphology were first evaluated via X-ray and laser diffraction (XRD), inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Fly ashes showed variable physicochemical characteristics but some present interesting compositions for the intended use. One fly ash present a high content of CaO and minors of SiO2 and Al2O3. The chemical composition does not allow to categorize this fly ash as a pozzolan material but it may have a latent hydraulic behaviour, which could be interesting as cement substitution. This fly ash has been incorporated into a cement paste by progressive replacement of Portland cement (from 0 to 70%). It has been observed that biomass fly ash has a higher water demand compared to Portland cement. This additional water demand was evaluated by the Vicat consistency test and by an evaporometry method. The setting time and kinetic hydration of the biomass fly ash pastes were also assessed with the standardized Vicat test and by isothermal calorimetry.
Keywords: feasibility; cementitious materials; eco-friendly binder; chemical composition; absorption feasibility; cementitious materials; eco-friendly binder; chemical composition; absorption

Share and Cite

MDPI and ACS Style

Page, J.; Libessart, L.; Djelal, C.; Gonon, M.; Laiymani, I. Feasibility of Using Biomass Fly Ash in Cementitious Materials. Proceedings 2019, 34, 12.

AMA Style

Page J, Libessart L, Djelal C, Gonon M, Laiymani I. Feasibility of Using Biomass Fly Ash in Cementitious Materials. Proceedings. 2019; 34(1):12.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Page, Jonathan, Laurent Libessart, Chafika Djelal, Maurice Gonon, and Issam Laiymani. 2019. "Feasibility of Using Biomass Fly Ash in Cementitious Materials" Proceedings 34, no. 1: 12.

Article Metrics

Back to TopTop