Fluid-dynamic noise in centrifugal pumps as a significant sound source in piping systems has gained high attention due to the requirements of vibration and noise reduction in many fields. The acoustic characteristics of the fluid-dynamic noise from pumps are bound to be affected by the pipe ports and other piping components during the operation of the pump system. Therefore, the direct measurement of pressure pulsations in the pipeline of a test pump does not directly reflect the acoustic properties of the pump itself, because the coupling effects of the hydraulic system, which can even cause standing waves, may be seriously misleading in some situations. In this paper, an alternative experimental method has been applied to identify the so-called acoustic scattering matrix of a laboratory centrifugal pump. The elements of the scattering matrix characterize how the acoustic pressure waves are transmitted or reflected from the pump ports, i.e., it summarizes the passive acoustic properties of the pumps. For the tests, the test pump was connected in parallel to another auxiliary pump driven with a variable-frequency that played the role of an external sound source. The acoustic pressure waves induced in the suction and discharge pipes were mathematically decomposed into the corresponding incoming and exiting pressure waves travelling in the positive (P+) and negative (P−) directions respectively, by means of the two-microphone procedure. This paper shows the elements of the scattering matrix determined for the test pump as a function of frequency. These results represent a reference for subsequent theoretical research on the acoustic scattering matrix of centrifugal pumps.
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