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Net Zero Energy for Industrial and Commercial Microgrids: Approaches and Challenges

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Instituto Politécnico de Tomar (IPT), 2300-313 Tomar, Portugal
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Ci2—Smart Cities Research Center—IPT, 2300-313 Tomar, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 2nd International Research Conference on Sustainable Energy, Engineering, Materials and Environment (IRCSEEME), Mieres, Spain, 25–27 July 2018.
Proceedings 2018, 2(23), 1472; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2231472
Published: 2 November 2018
This paper addresses the concept of net zero energy and net metering in efficient buildings in order to assist in the study and development of future microgrids for buildings with annual zero energy consumption. There are several definitions for zero energy buildings available in the literature with a distinct set of project goals and interests, but this work is focused on the definition that accounts for energy losses by converting each energy type to source energy. Finally, a case study is presented to evaluate whether four distinct all-electric buildings can achieve annual zero energy by deploying on-site renewable sources within their site boundary.
Keywords: net zero energy; net metering; renewable energy; efficient buildings; microgrids net zero energy; net metering; renewable energy; efficient buildings; microgrids
MDPI and ACS Style

Bandeiras, F.; Gomes, M.; Coelho, P.; Fernandes, J. Net Zero Energy for Industrial and Commercial Microgrids: Approaches and Challenges. Proceedings 2018, 2, 1472.

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