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Characterization of the Unsteady Aerodynamics of Optimized Turbine Blade Tips through Modal Decomposition Analysis

Von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, 1640 Sint-Genesius-Rode, Belgium
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Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on Turbomachinery Fluid Dynamics and Thermodynamics, Lausanne, Switzerland, 8–12 April 2019; Paper No. 184.
Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power 2019, 4(2), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijtpp4020012
Received: 24 April 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 17 May 2019 / Published: 27 May 2019
The present research focused on the analysis of the leakage flows developing from advanced blade tip geometries. The aerodynamic field of a contoured blade tip and of a high-performance rimmed blade were investigated against a baseline squealer rotor. Time-resolved numerical predictions were combined with high-frequency pressure measurements to characterize the tip leakage flow of each tip design. High spatial and temporal resolution measurements provided a detailed representation of the unsteady flow in the near-tip region and at the stage outlet. Numerical computations, based on the nonlinear harmonic method, were employed to assess the unsteady blade row interactions and identify the loss generation mechanisms depending on the tip design. The space- and time-resolved flow field was analysed by modal decomposition to identify the main periodicities of the near-tip and outlet flow and classify the most relevant sources of aerodynamic unsteadiness and entropy generation across the stage. View Full-Text
Keywords: high pressure turbines; unsteady; tip leakage; CFD; loss generation; modal analysis high pressure turbines; unsteady; tip leakage; CFD; loss generation; modal analysis
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Cernat, B.C.; Lavagnoli, S. Characterization of the Unsteady Aerodynamics of Optimized Turbine Blade Tips through Modal Decomposition Analysis. Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power 2019, 4, 12.

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