Next Article in Journal
Dog Owners’ Knowledge about Rabies and Other Factors That Influence Canine Anti-Rabies Vaccination in the Upper East Region of Ghana
Previous Article in Journal
Assessment of a Sensitive qPCR Assay Targeting a Multiple-Copy Gene to Detect Orientia tsutsugamushi DNA
Open AccessArticle

Counting Oceanians of Non-European, Non-Asian Descent (ONENA) in the South Pacific to Make Them Count in Global Health

1
Epidemiology Unit, Institut Pasteur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, BP 61–98845 Nouméa cedex, New Caledonia
2
Virology and Viral Diseases, College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, Division of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
3
Leptospirosis Research and Expertise Unit, Institut Pasteur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, BP 61–98845 Nouméa cedex, New Caledonia
4
Communauté du Pacifique/Pacific Community, 95 Promenade Roger Laroque, BP D5, 98848 Nouméa, New Caledonia
5
Unité de Pathogénie Microbienne Moléculaire, INSERM U1202, Institut Pasteur, 28 rue du Docteur Roux, CEDEX 15, 75724 Paris, France
6
Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases Department, Centre Hospitalier Territorial, 110 Boulevard Joseph Wamytan, Dumbéa Sur Mer 98835, Nouvelle-Calédonie
7
Chaire de Microbiologie et Maladies Infectieuses, Collège de France, 11 square Marcelin Berthelot, 75005 Paris, France
8
Human Evolutionary Genetics Unit, Institut Pasteur, 25–28 Rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France
9
Institut Pasteur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, BP 61—98845 Nouméa cedex, New Caledonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4(3), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed4030114
Received: 29 June 2019 / Revised: 30 July 2019 / Accepted: 6 August 2019 / Published: 9 August 2019
Several diseases and vulnerabilities associated with genetic or microbial factors are more frequent among populations of Oceanian, Non-European, Non-Asian descent (ONENA). ONENA are specific and have long been isolated geographically. To our knowledge, there are no published official, quantitative, aggregated data on the populations impacted by these excess vulnerabilities in Oceania. We searched official census reports for updated estimates of the total population for each of the Pacific Island Countries and Territories (including Australia) and the US State of Hawaii, privileging local official statistical or censual sources. We multiplied the most recent total population estimate by the cumulative percentage of the ONENA population as determined in official reports. Including Australia and the US State of Hawaii, Oceania counts 27 countries and territories, populated in 2016 by approximately 41 M inhabitants (17 M not counting Australia) among which approximately 12.5 M (11.6 M not counting Australia) consider themselves of entire or partial ONENA ancestry. Specific genetic and microbiome traits of ONENA may be unique and need further investigation to adjust risk estimates, risk prevention, diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, to the benefit of populations in the Pacific and beyond. View Full-Text
Keywords: medical genetics; diabetes mellitus; type 2; non-communicable diseases; global health; ethnic groups; indigenous health; infectious diseases; nutritional and metabolic diseases; epidemiology; pacific islands medical genetics; diabetes mellitus; type 2; non-communicable diseases; global health; ethnic groups; indigenous health; infectious diseases; nutritional and metabolic diseases; epidemiology; pacific islands
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Tarantola, A.; Horwood, P.F.; Goarant, C.; Buffière, B.; Bertrand, S.; Merilles, O.E.A.; Pedron, T.; Klement-Frutos, E.; Sansonetti, P.; Quintana-Murci, L.; Richard, V. Counting Oceanians of Non-European, Non-Asian Descent (ONENA) in the South Pacific to Make Them Count in Global Health. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4, 114.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop