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Depressive Symptoms Amongst People with Podoconiosis and Lower Limb Lymphoedema of Other Cause in Cameroon: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Centre for Global Health Research, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton BN1 9PS, UK
2
School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 9086, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
3
Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63, Buea, Cameroon
4
Cameroon and Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), P.O. Box 63, Buea, Cameroon
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4(3), 102; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed4030102
Received: 22 May 2019 / Revised: 28 June 2019 / Accepted: 29 June 2019 / Published: 9 July 2019
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Abstract

Evidence is emerging that shows elevated mental distress and disorder amongst people with several neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). This study aimed to establish the prevalence of depressive symptoms amongst people with podoconiosis and lower limb lymphoedema of other cause in Cameroon. The study was part of a larger research piece that mapped the geographical distribution of podoconiosis in Cameroon. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9; mean) was employed to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms amongst people with lower limb lymphoedema. Linear regression was used to assess the association between socio-demographic characteristics of participants and depressive symptoms. Internal consistency of the PHQ-9 was estimated through Cronbach’s alpha (α = 0.651). The mean PHQ-9 score among people with lower limb lymphoedema was 3.48 (SD ± 3.25). Using a PHQ-9 score of 5 or above as the cut-off score, 32 participants (38.6%) displayed at least mild depressive symptoms. Unemployment was the only factor that was significantly associated with more depressive symptoms overall. This study shows that depressive symptoms are common amongst people with lower limb lymphoedema in Cameroon. The findings provide support for the integration of psychosocial interventions into packages of care for the management of lower limb lymphoedema. View Full-Text
Keywords: neglected tropical diseases; lymphoedema; podoconiosis; mental health; depression; prevalence neglected tropical diseases; lymphoedema; podoconiosis; mental health; depression; prevalence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Semrau, M.; Davey, G.; Beng, A.A.; Ndongmo, W.P.C.; Njouendou, A.J.; Wanji, S.; Deribe, K. Depressive Symptoms Amongst People with Podoconiosis and Lower Limb Lymphoedema of Other Cause in Cameroon: A Cross-Sectional Study. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4, 102.

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