Next Article in Journal
Achieving Health Security and Threat Reduction through Sharing Sequence Data
Next Article in Special Issue
Paramyxo- and Coronaviruses in Rwandan Bats
Previous Article in Journal
Schistosomiasis Elimination: Beginning of the End or a Continued March on a Trodden Path
Previous Article in Special Issue
Bats and Viruses: Emergence of Novel Lyssaviruses and Association of Bats with Viral Zoonoses in the EU
Open AccessArticle

Litomosoides sp. (Filarioidea: Onchocercidae) Infection in Frugivorous Bats (Artibeus spp.): Pathological Features, Molecular Evidence, and Prevalence

Departamento de Producción Agrícola y Animal, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad Xochimilco, Calzada del Hueso 1100, Col. Villa Quietud, Del. Coyoacán, Ciudad de México CP. 04960, Mexico
Departamento de Ecología de Agentes Patógenos, Hospital General “Dr. Manuel Gea González”, Calzada de Tlalpan # 4800, Del. Tlalpan, Ciudad de México CP. 14080, Mexico
Laboratorio de Rabia, Instituto de Diagnóstico y Referencia Epidemiológicos, Francisco de P. Miranda 177, Colonia Unidad Lomas de Plateros, Ciudad de México CP. 01480, Mexico
Unidad de Investigación Médica en Inmunología, Coordinación de Investigación Médica, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), Av. Cuauhtémoc No. 330, Col. Doctores, UMAE Hospital de Pediatría, C.M.N. Siglo XXI, Ciudad de México CP. 06720, Mexico
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Del. Coyoacán, Ciudad de México CP. 04510, Mexico
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4(2), 77;
Received: 20 March 2019 / Revised: 24 April 2019 / Accepted: 29 April 2019 / Published: 10 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Tropical Pathogens of Bats)
Bats can host pathogenic organisms such as viruses and fungi, but little is known about the pathogenicity of their parasites. Hemoparasites are frequently recorded in Neotropical bats, particularly Litomosoides (Filarioidea: Onchocercidae), but their pathogenic effect on bats is scarcely known. In this work, Litomosoides microfilariae were identified in four (8%) out of 51 sampled frugivorous bats belonging to three different species: Artibeus aztecus, Artibeus jamaicensis, and Artibeus lituratus, which are located in Yautepec, Morelos, Mexico. Two infected animals showed weakness, tachypnoea, and ecchymosis on their wings. In these animals, histopathology revealed microfilariae in the blood vessels of the lung, liver, and spleen. Both animals presented exudative pneumonia with congestion and concomitant edema, in addition to moderate arterial hypertrophy. Parasitemia was quantified in blood samples of the infected animals (>3000 parasites/mL). Phylogenetic analysis placed the obtained sequence inside the Litomosoides genus, reaching over 98% identity to the related species. Due to the relevance of bats in ecosystems, any new record of their parasite repertoire offers noteworthy insights into our understanding of the ecology and impact of new parasite species in bats. View Full-Text
Keywords: parasite; microfilariae; frugivorous bats parasite; microfilariae; frugivorous bats
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rendón-Franco, E.; López-Díaz, O.; Martínez-Hernández, F.; Villalobos, G.; Muñoz-García, C.I.; Aréchiga-Ceballos, N.; Alfonso-Toledo, J.A.; García Flores, M.M.; Aguilar Setién, A. Litomosoides sp. (Filarioidea: Onchocercidae) Infection in Frugivorous Bats (Artibeus spp.): Pathological Features, Molecular Evidence, and Prevalence. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4, 77.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop