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Policy and Science for Global Health Security: Shaping the Course of International Health

1
Gryphon Scientific, LLC, 6930 Carroll Avenue, Suite 810, Takoma Park, MD 20912, USA
2
Disease Dynamics Unit, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ES, UK
3
Brookings Institution, 1775 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA
4
Women of Color Advancing Peace, Security and Conflict Transformation, 3695 Ketchum Court, Woodbridge, VA 22193, USA
5
Rosalynn Carter Institute for Caregiving, Georgia Southwestern State University, 800 GSW State University Drive, Americus, GA 31709, USA
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Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th St., New York, NY 10032, USA
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Ending Pandemics and San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA
8
U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, CO 80521, USA
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Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Department of Health Metrics Sciences, University of Washington, 2301 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121, USA
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Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7BN, UK
11
Next Generation Global Health Security Network, Washington, DC 20001, USA
12
RAND Corporation, 1200 South Hayes St., Arlington, VA 22202, USA
13
Population Biology, Ecology, and Evolution Program, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
14
Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
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Center for Health Security, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Pratt Street, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
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Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Box AB Millbrook, NY 12545, USA
17
Environmental, Health and Safety Office (EHSO), Emory University, 1762 Clifton Rd., Suite 1200, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
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EcoHealth Alliance, 460 West 34th Street, New York, NY 10001, USA
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Practical One Health Solutions, LLC, New Market, MD 21774, USA
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Plum Island Animal Disease Center, Department of Homeland Security, Greenport, NY 11944, USA
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Department of Medicine Infectious Disease, Georgetown University, 600 New Jersey Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20001, USA
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EpiLab, Infectious Disease Research Centre, School of Veterinary Science, Massey University, Private Bag, 11 222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Deceased, 17 January 2019.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4(2), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed4020060
Received: 17 February 2019 / Revised: 5 April 2019 / Accepted: 8 April 2019 / Published: 10 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue One Health and Zoonoses)
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PDF [247 KB, uploaded 10 April 2019]

Abstract

The global burden of infectious diseases and the increased attention to natural, accidental, and deliberate biological threats has resulted in significant investment in infectious disease research. Translating the results of these studies to inform prevention, detection, and response efforts often can be challenging, especially if prior relationships and communications have not been established with decision-makers. Whatever scientific information is shared with decision-makers before, during, and after public health emergencies is highly dependent on the individuals or organizations who are communicating with policy-makers. This article briefly describes the landscape of stakeholders involved in information-sharing before and during emergencies. We identify critical gaps in translation of scientific expertise and results, and biosafety and biosecurity measures to public health policy and practice with a focus on One Health and zoonotic diseases. Finally, we conclude by exploring ways of improving communication and funding, both of which help to address the identified gaps. By leveraging existing scientific information (from both the natural and social sciences) in the public health decision-making process, large-scale outbreaks may be averted even in low-income countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: One Health; zoonoses; Ebola virus; emerging infectious diseases One Health; zoonoses; Ebola virus; emerging infectious diseases
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Berger, K.M.; Wood, J.L.N.; Jenkins, B.; Olsen, J.; Morse, S.S.; Gresham, L.; Root, J.J.; Rush, M.; Pigott, D.; Winkleman, T.; Moore, M.; Gillespie, T.R.; Nuzzo, J.B.; Han, B.A.; Olinger, P.; Karesh, W.B.; Mills, J.N.; Annelli, J.F.; Barnabei, J.; Lucey, D.; Hayman, D.T.S. Policy and Science for Global Health Security: Shaping the Course of International Health. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4, 60.

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