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Environmental Justice and Urban Parks. A Case Study Applied to Tarragona (Spain)

Grup de Recerca d’Anàlisi Territorial i Estudis Turístics (GRATET), Department de Geografia, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Vila-Seca, 43480 Tarragona, Spain
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Academic Editors: Jesús Manuel González Pérez, María José Piñeira-Mantiñán and Juan Manuel Parreño Castellano
Urban Sci. 2021, 5(3), 62; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci5030062
Received: 22 June 2021 / Revised: 10 August 2021 / Accepted: 13 August 2021 / Published: 19 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fragmented City: International Mobility and Housing in Spain)
There is consensus regarding the fact that urban green areas contribute to the quality of life of their inhabitants. Therefore, efficient city management must assess whether the population has access to green areas and the areas’ quality in relation to, for example, vegetation, facilities or furnishings. Therefore, the objective is to establish environmental justice of urban parks in Tarragona (Spain) by developing a Park Quality Index (PQI) and the sociodemographic characteristics (level of studies, Human Development Index –HDI–, home sale and rental prices) of the population living within 300 m of a park. To prepare this, a GIS-integrated Multi-Criteria Evaluation (MCE) was produced. The results show that the green areas have low accessibility and availability and that most parks obtain an average-low PQI, with the best-valued aspect being the vegetation and the worst being the facilities. Regarding the degree of environmental justice, a causal relationship between the PQI and the indicators used emerges. The average value of the home sale prices is the one that shows the greatest correlation. These results can be used together with participatory procedures as a basis for identifying places with greater inequality, and for selecting the more effective actions that enable increasing environmental justice with respect to green areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental justice; urban parks; ecosystem services; Tarragona environmental justice; urban parks; ecosystem services; Tarragona
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alberich, J.; Pérez-Albert, Y.; Morales, J.I.M.; Picón, E.B. Environmental Justice and Urban Parks. A Case Study Applied to Tarragona (Spain). Urban Sci. 2021, 5, 62. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci5030062

AMA Style

Alberich J, Pérez-Albert Y, Morales JIM, Picón EB. Environmental Justice and Urban Parks. A Case Study Applied to Tarragona (Spain). Urban Science. 2021; 5(3):62. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci5030062

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alberich, Joan, Yolanda Pérez-Albert, José I.M. Morales, and Edgar B. Picón 2021. "Environmental Justice and Urban Parks. A Case Study Applied to Tarragona (Spain)" Urban Science 5, no. 3: 62. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci5030062

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