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3D Space Syntax Analysis: Attributes to Be Applied in Landscape Architecture Projects

1
Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
2
Department of Forestry and Landscape Architecture (CIFAP), Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
3
Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources (CIBIO InBio)/Landscape Planning, Design and Management Research group (LPDM), 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal
4
Escola Superior Artística do Porto, 4050-545 Porto, Portugal
5
Research Center for Architecture, Urbanism and Design (CIAUD), Faculdade de Arquitetura da Universidade de Lisboa 1349-063 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2019, 3(1), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci3010020
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 25 January 2019 / Accepted: 1 February 2019 / Published: 5 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Formalizing Urban Methodologies)
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Abstract

The article delves into the potential application of space syntax methodology to landscape architecture. Anticipating the complexity of the landscape architectural design process, the use of 3D space syntax analysis made it possible to better understand the relations between urban space shapes and their functions. The application of an iterative process of project improvement optimizes the fulfilment of the landscape architect vision, through changes in ground shaping, selection of tree species and their spatial distribution. This article explores the vegetation attributes of vegetation that are necessary to consider in landscape architecture projects in the context of the DepthSpace 3D software, using the case study of an urban park in Maia—Portugal. To achieve this, it was necessary to define the attributes to be inserted in the software. The main attributes of vegetation that can be employed in landscape architecture projects are form and dimension, growth speed, and visual permeability (opacity) of the crown in winter and summer. The software proved itself a useful tool, not only in studying and evaluating the effects of the final design, but also during project development. View Full-Text
Keywords: space syntax; DepthSpace3D; landscape architecture; visibility; vegetation attributes; vegetation parameters space syntax; DepthSpace3D; landscape architecture; visibility; vegetation attributes; vegetation parameters
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Ascensão, A.; Costa, L.; Fernandes, C.; Morais, F.; Ruivo, C. 3D Space Syntax Analysis: Attributes to Be Applied in Landscape Architecture Projects. Urban Sci. 2019, 3, 20.

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