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Neighborhood Walkability and Housing Affordability among U.S. Urban Areas

Department of Geography/Geology, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE 68182, USA
Urban Sci. 2019, 3(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci3010011
Received: 9 November 2018 / Revised: 10 January 2019 / Accepted: 13 January 2019 / Published: 21 January 2019
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Abstract

With support and demand for walkable urban spaces on the rise, there has been growing concern among academics and practitioners of increasing exclusivity, particularly in amenity-rich areas. This study examines equity in neighborhood walkability from the perspective of housing affordability, asking whether more walkable urban neighborhoods have less affordable housing from the viewpoint of both neighborhood residents and households within the encompassing metropolitan region. While considering additional factors that may affect housing affordability, including coastal proximity, crime, rail access, housing age, housing size, and employment accessibility, the results indicate lower housing affordability primarily for renter households already living in walkable neighborhoods, but not for those looking to move to a more walkable neighborhood from within the same metropolitan area. Case studies of three large U.S. urban areas, Charlotte, NC, Pittsburgh, PA, and Portland, OR, highlight local variations in the walkability–housing affordability nexus. View Full-Text
Keywords: walkability; housing affordability; urban housing; equity; housing stress; affordability index walkability; housing affordability; urban housing; equity; housing stress; affordability index
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Bereitschaft, B. Neighborhood Walkability and Housing Affordability among U.S. Urban Areas. Urban Sci. 2019, 3, 11.

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