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Urban Sci. 2018, 2(2), 33;

Developing Policy for Urban Autonomous Vehicles: Impact on Congestion

Centre for Transport Studies, University College London, Gower Street, WC1E 6BT London, UK
Received: 16 March 2018 / Revised: 4 April 2018 / Accepted: 9 April 2018 / Published: 13 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Future of Urban Transportation and Mobility Systems)
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An important problem for surface transport is road traffic congestion, which is ubiquitous and difficult to mitigate. Accordingly, a question for policymakers is the possible impact on congestion of autonomous vehicles. It seems likely that the main impact of vehicle automation will not be seen until driverless vehicles are sufficiently safe for use amid general traffic on urban streets. Shared use driverless vehicles could reduce the cost of taxis and a wider range of public transport vehicles could be economic. Individually owned autonomous vehicles would have the ability to travel unoccupied and may need to be regulated where this might add to congestion. It is possible that autonomous vehicles could provide mobility services at lower cost and wider scope, such that private car use in urban areas could decline and congestion reduce. City authorities should be alert to these possibilities in developing transport policy. View Full-Text
Keywords: road traffic congestion; autonomous vehicles; taxis; cities; urban road traffic congestion; autonomous vehicles; taxis; cities; urban
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Metz, D. Developing Policy for Urban Autonomous Vehicles: Impact on Congestion. Urban Sci. 2018, 2, 33.

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