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Open AccessArticle

Influencing Mechanism Analysis of Urban Form on Travel Energy Consumption—Evidence from Fukuoka City, Japan

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Department of Architecture and Urban Design, Kyushu University, 3-29-405 Yakuin, Chuo-ku, Fukuoka 810-0022, Japan
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Department of Architecture and Urban Design, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2018, 2(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci2010015
Received: 27 December 2017 / Revised: 28 January 2018 / Accepted: 11 February 2018 / Published: 13 February 2018
The increasing threat of transportation energy insecurity, environmental issues and public health issues have led to a growing body of research that looks at the potential contribution of urban planning in reducing travel energy consumption. The sustainable planning strategies aimed at reducing travel energy consumption need to understand the relationships between urban form, travel behavior and energy consumption. This study provided additional insights into the relationships between urban form, travel mode choice and energy consumption via mode-wise (non-motorized, motorcycle, car, bus and rail) stratified models and travel energy consumption model by applying the multiple linear regression model based on 108 zones of Fukuoka city, Japan. This study suggests that urban form makes a major contribution towards conserving travel energy in cities. This study shows that the provision of bus stops and rail stations are essential alongside an increase in road connectivity, otherwise increasing only road connectivity encourages people to use private modes of transport, which is not good for travel energy conservation. The findings suggest that better transit accessibility promotes public mode use, and reduces private mode use and travel energy consumption even where travel distance is longer. Higher density with greater land use mix and better transit accessibility has a more profound influence on increasing use of the non-motorized mode. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban form; mode choice; travel energy consumption; Fukuoka urban form; mode choice; travel energy consumption; Fukuoka
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Maharjan, S.; Tsurusaki, N.; Divigalpitiya, P. Influencing Mechanism Analysis of Urban Form on Travel Energy Consumption—Evidence from Fukuoka City, Japan. Urban Sci. 2018, 2, 15.

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Urban Sci., EISSN 2413-8851, Published by MDPI AG
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