Next Article in Journal
The Classification of Urban Uses
Next Article in Special Issue
Urbanisation-Induced Land Cover Temperature Dynamics for Sustainable Future Urban Heat Island Mitigation
Previous Article in Journal
Urban Nature: Perception and Acceptance of Alternative Green Space Management and the Change of Awareness after Provision of Environmental Information. A Chance for Biodiversity Protection
Open AccessArticle

Path to an Integrated Modelling between IFC and CityGML for Neighborhood Scale Modelling

Engineering Cluster, Singapore Institute of Technology, 138683 Singapore, Singapore
EDF Lab Singapore, 10 Woodlands Avenue 8, 738973 Singapore, Singapore
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2017, 1(3), 25;
Received: 8 May 2017 / Revised: 2 August 2017 / Accepted: 10 August 2017 / Published: 11 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Heat Island and Mitigation Technologies—Impact and Mitigation)
PDF [7548 KB, uploaded 15 August 2017]


Planning of the built environment requires two-levels of planning process, city/neighborhood-scale and building-scale levels. At the city/neighborhood-scale, Geographic Information System (GIS) is commonly used with CityGML as its open-source 3D format. Meanwhile, for building-scale, Building Information Modelling (BIM) is used, and Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) format is its open-source file format. Both technologies work on different data formats and data exchanges. The research is focusing on ways of exchanging information and bringing together CityGML and IFC. With local context input, the methodology could be considered as a framework to parametrically manage the information related to energy, environment, security, etc. In this project, two use cases were developed, such as visualization for a web application. Autodesk Revit and Graphisoft Archicad were used in developing the building models as a prototype for the transformation testing. The transformation system was developed using Feature Manipulation Engine (FME), by Safe Software. FME allowed us to restructure the data model (IFC) and transformed it to the destination data format (CityGML). The test results showed that from detailed BIM models, CityGML format, as well as a Sketchup file, could be generated. These models can be imported to web visualization applications for urban energy modelling. View Full-Text
Keywords: CityGML; IFC; Interoperability; FME CityGML; IFC; Interoperability; FME

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jusuf, S.K.; Mousseau, B.; Godfroid, G.; Soh, J.H.V. Path to an Integrated Modelling between IFC and CityGML for Neighborhood Scale Modelling. Urban Sci. 2017, 1, 25.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Urban Sci. EISSN 2413-8851 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top