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Open AccessArticle

Tracking the 6-DOF Flight Trajectory of Windborne Debris Using Stereophotogrammetry

1
Computer Science Department, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409, USA
2
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1372, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Infrastructures 2019, 4(4), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures4040066
Received: 16 September 2019 / Revised: 22 October 2019 / Accepted: 22 October 2019 / Published: 24 October 2019
Numerous post-windstorm investigations have reported that windborne debris can cause costly damage to the envelope of buildings in urban areas under strong winds (e.g., during hurricanes or tornados). Thus, understanding the physics of debris flight is of critical importance. Previously developed numerical models describing debris flight physics have not been validated for the complex urban flow environment; such a validation requires experimentally measuring the debris flight trajectory in wind tunnel tests. In this context, this paper proposes a debris measurement algorithm using stereophotogrammetry. This algorithm aims to determine the six-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) trajectory and velocity of flying debris, addressing the research gap, i.e., the lack of an algorithm/software for measuring three-rotational-DOF using stereophotogrammetry. This is a civil engineering problem, but computer graphics is the foundation to solve it. This paper focuses on the theoretical development of the algorithm. The developed algorithm can be readily implemented in modern wind tunnel experiments. View Full-Text
Keywords: frame; coordinate system; differential; trajectory; motion; debris frame; coordinate system; differential; trajectory; motion; debris
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sabharwal, C.L.; Guo, Y. Tracking the 6-DOF Flight Trajectory of Windborne Debris Using Stereophotogrammetry. Infrastructures 2019, 4, 66.

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