The railway structures need constant monitoring and maintenance to ensure the train circulation safety. Quality information concerning the infrastructure geometry, namely the three-dimensional linear elements, are crucial for that processes. Along with this work, a method to automated extract three-dimensional linear elements from point clouds collected by terrestrial mobile LiDAR systems along railways is presented. The proposed method takes advantage of the stored cloud point’s attributes as an alternative to complex geometric methods applied over the point’s cloud coordinates. Based on the assumption that the linear elements to extract are roughly parallel to the rail tracks and therefore to the system trajectory, the stored scan angle value was used to restrict the number of cloud points that represents the linear elements. A simple algorithm is then applied to that restricted number of points to get the three-dimensional polylines geometry. The obtained values of completeness, correctness and quality, validate the use of the methodology for linear elements extraction from mobile LiDAR data gathered along railway environments.
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