The Effectiveness of the Role of Interior Design in Creating Functional and Institutional Happiness for Work Environments: King Faisal University as a Model
2. Literature Reviews
3. Problem Statement
4. Study Objectives
- Analyze the opinions of respondents through an electronic questionnaire on the concept of job happiness;
- Measure the effect of interior design on job performance and the work environment and its role in achieving job happiness;
- Discover how to create a happy environment for work through interior design thus that employees can feel happier in work and life;
- Study the relationship between the level of employee performance and the work environment;
- Determine how to make happiness and quality of life a major priority in the work environment at King Faisal University;
- Promote achieving the goal of spreading happiness in the workplace with practical and effective steps.
5. The Importance of This Study
6. Study Limitations
7. Study Questions
- Is the current internal work environment conducive to achieving job happiness?
- What is the effectiveness of the role of interior design in creating functional and institutional happiness for the work environment?
- How can employees be encouraged to reach their highest levels of happiness and quality in the work environment?
- What are the future vision and proposed solutions to achieve functional and institutional happiness in the work environment?
8. Materials and Methods
9. Study Tool
- Kagan, Kagan, and Watson conducted a field study with 373 employees of the emergency medical service of a firefighting department that lasted 3 years. They developed a framework to define stress and classify programs to reduce psychological and educational stress. It consisted of seven psychological educational programs, each of which had a relative impact in the short and long term. Improvements were found before and after follow-up. The results of the study supported the value of psychological training programs for preventive mental health in the workplace ;
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- The type of floor plan (open, closed) as Figure 1 according to the nature of the building;
- The number of employees in the different departments in the building;
- The number of public users of the building;
- Various services in the building (toilets, offices);
- The safety of the building indicated by the presence of escape ladders to be used in emergencies.
- The interior design should be appropriate to the nature of the work;
- They should provide a suitable work environment for employees and clients;
- The results of studies of the office space and windows should be used to determine the lighting and the nature of the work;
- There should be an appropriate distribution of the internal space of the administrative office to comply with the requirements of the nature of work and maintain movement corridors;
- The appropriate colors should be chosen for the nature of the work;
- Appropriate materials should be used for ceilings, walls, and floors.
- Flooring: it is preferable to use wooden floors, with carpets or rugs in managers’ offices;
- Ceilings: it is important to choose materials intended to silence external sounds and to use roof materials that are resistant to moisture and heat;
- Walls: the colors used on the walls must be light because dark colors have an effect on employees’ creativity in their work;
- Accessories: office accessories such as lampshades, vases, office sets, portfolios, artboards, and curtains should be provided.
- Warm up the lighting with openings for natural light;
- Create an audio spectrum by providing multiple options in terms of power and noise level that can vary according to activity and mood;
- Create a work environment that feels like home with warm, attractive, and comfortable spaces with a connection to nature and natural materials;
- Encourage spontaneous activities by designing comfort hubs that allow people to move in and out of the space and encourage them to stop and chat.
- Provide an attractive and safe work environment in which the interior design elements are available while providing well-equipped rest areas with the appropriate furniture that facilitates creativity and innovation;
- Provide a comfortable work environment for King Faisal University employees that suits them and their preferences, as some prefer to be in a closed office where they can focus on work and avoid noise, while others prefer to work in an open-plan office that contributes to cooperation and visual and intellectual communication among the staff;
- Provide additional workspaces outside the offices that enable collaborative or individual work and generation of ideas while strengthening social bonds and exchanging opinions;
- Activate happiness days at the university and its faculties;
- Achieve job happiness through interior design treatments that are commensurate with the nature of the job and the space to improve motivation;
- Provide natural lighting sources within the institution for psychological comfort during work;
- Pay careful attention to the selection of colors that can help to spread positive and stimulating energy in the workplace;
- Provide the appropriate thermal climate in terms of heat and cold, which has an impact on the performance of workers and is reflected on their efficiency at work.
- Provide an internal work environment with an interior design that helps employees feel functional happiness;
- Improve employee productivity through air quality, lighting, and temperature, as these are among the factors that positively affect health and enhance performance in a comfortable work environment;
- Understand that innovation in interior design has a positive impact on the level of the work environment in general and motivates employees to work in particular;
- It is necessary to allow employees to get away from their computers; thus, they can have job comfort;
- Encourage researchers and interior architecture designers to put forward creative proposals to redesign the workplace to raise the level of happiness;
- Increase the interest of university-level institutions in the role of interior design in the work environment and to work on their wellbeing and make it a happy environment that stimulates activity, generates constructive energy, and stimulates positivity among employees;
- Provide safety and prevention standards in the work environment;
- Provide a positive and happy work environment that encourages positive communication among workers.
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Response||Strongly Disagree||Disagree||Neutral||Agree||Strongly Agree|
|No||Physiological Needs||Psychological Needs|
|2.||Indoor air quality||Personal space|
|3.||Optical comfort||Physical space|
|1.||Expansion of space and a feeling of lightness and spaciousness|
|2.||100% safe and laminated|
Many people believe that glass is fragile and not as strong as traditional walls, but it is safe and laminated, as well as environmentally friendly
|3.||Possibility of sound isolation and optical transparency|
As much sound insulation as traditional walls
|4.||Space zoning at lowest cost|
Glass walls are less expensive than traditional construction, take days to install, and have a more attractive look
|5.||Increased natural light|
Glass walls help to increase the amount of natural light and freshen the air.
|1.||Quiet work space|
Among high-performing employees, 58% say they need more quiet workplaces. A modern office environment should have quiet spaces. Flexible workspaces today need areas of calm that enable employees to be creative and focused on coming up with great ideas .
|2.||Use of technology and charging devices|
Technology is important in solving problems and managing files and reports, and modern workplaces rely entirely on technology to achieve work efficiency and reduce time and money problems, and accomplish required tasks .
Meditation is a simple and quick method that helps reduce the stress of daily work while bringing a sense of inner peace .
Informal meetings can be held to address issues, whether monthly, weekly, daily basis.
Large chalkboards can be hung on a wall to present problems and ideas are presented, and share information .
Brainstorming combines calm and informal thinking to solve problems, providing an opportunity and encouraging everyone to think innovatively. Interior design for a brainstorming space uses methods that focus on creative design and activities, which helps to evoke ideas by providing the best conditions .
|No||First Section |
Administrative Spaces (Administrative Offices for Employees)
|1.||Do you know what functional happiness is?||4||3||12||13||25|
|2.||Do you feel functional happiness in your work environment?||5||8||13||23||8|
|3.||Does feeling happy in the work environment reduce the level of anxiety and help enhance productivity?||3||1||1||12||40|
|4.||Is job happiness a basic requirement for employees in the work environment?||1||3||2||9||42|
|5.||Is the current internal work environment suitable for achieving job happiness?||9||13||11||19||5|
|6.||Are you interested in the interior design of the workplace at your institution?||2||1||11||23||20|
|7.||Does the interior design of the workplace affect the achievement of job happiness?||1||2||7||13||34|
|No||Second Section: Office Room Interior Space Planning||SD||D||N||A||SA|
|1.||Is the interior space of the office commensurate with the nature of the work?||3||2||11||18||23|
|2.||Are the office furniture items available in the room appropriate to their size?||2||6||14||18||17|
|3.||Does the office furniture achieve aesthetic and functional aspects?||5||12||14||13||13|
|4.||Do the dimensions of the available office furniture items make you feel comfortable?||7||6||15||13||16|
|5.||Do the internal movement paths fit into the space of the office?||5||10||15||14||13|
|No||Third Section: |
Availability of Natural and Artificial Lighting Sources
|1.||Is there a source of natural lighting in your office?||20||1||5||12||19|
|2.||Do you suffer from a lack of natural light sources?||22||10||6||1||18|
|3.||Is the current lighting for the office commensurate with the interior space?||6||4||8||18||21|
|4.||Do you prefer vertical partitions (walls) for the office to be solid?||6||6||5||14||26|
|5.||Does your office interior design make you feel private?||6||4||6||13||28|
|6.||Do you prefer to work in an open-plan office with eye contact with colleagues?||25||9||7||9||7|
|No||Fourth Section: Materials, Colors||SD||D||N||A||SA|
|1.||Do the colors used in the furniture items make you feel stressed?||24||14||8||5||6|
|2.||Do the materials used in the interior design elements (floors, walls, ceiling) for the office make you feel comfortable and functional?||6||8||12||21||10|
|3.||Are the colors used in a way that helps you feel comfortable and positive?||9||9||9||22||8|
|4.||Does the distribution of colors in the office make you feel lethargic and lazy?||22||11||21||4||8|
|5.||Are the materials used in the office furniture items appropriate from your point of view?||7||5||14||21||10|
|No||Fifth Section: |
Rest Areas within the Work Environment
|1.||Do you feel that you need to take breaks during your daily work?||2||1||4||16||34|
|2.||Do you prefer to take time off alone?||8||7||11||13||18|
|3.||Would you rather take a break in your office (formal work area)?||12||13||9||7||16|
|4.||Would you rather take a break outside your office (formal work area)?||10||7||10||14||16|
|5.||Are there places to rest from work at your institution?||34||5||11||6||1|
|6.||Do you feel that having resting places at your institution is important?||1||3||5||6||42|
|7.||Does the presence of resting places in your institution help achieve job happiness and strengthen relationships between you and co-workers?||6||2||6||10||33|
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Abouelela, A. The Effectiveness of the Role of Interior Design in Creating Functional and Institutional Happiness for Work Environments: King Faisal University as a Model. Designs 2022, 6, 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/designs6030045
Abouelela A. The Effectiveness of the Role of Interior Design in Creating Functional and Institutional Happiness for Work Environments: King Faisal University as a Model. Designs. 2022; 6(3):45. https://doi.org/10.3390/designs6030045Chicago/Turabian Style
Abouelela, Amira. 2022. "The Effectiveness of the Role of Interior Design in Creating Functional and Institutional Happiness for Work Environments: King Faisal University as a Model" Designs 6, no. 3: 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/designs6030045