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What Can Eye Movements Tell Us about Subtle Cognitive Processing Differences in Autism?

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Department of Psychology, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth BH12 5BB, UK
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Academy of Psychology and Behaviour, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300074, China
3
School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vision 2019, 3(2), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/vision3020022
Received: 27 March 2019 / Revised: 15 May 2019 / Accepted: 18 May 2019 / Published: 24 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eye Movements and Visual Cognition)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is neurodevelopmental condition principally characterised by impairments in social interaction and communication, and repetitive behaviours and interests. This article reviews the eye movement studies designed to investigate the underlying sampling or processing differences that might account for the principal characteristics of autism. Following a brief summary of a previous review chapter by one of the authors of the current paper, a detailed review of eye movement studies investigating various aspects of processing in autism over the last decade will be presented. The literature will be organised into sections covering different cognitive components, including language and social communication and interaction studies. The aim of the review will be to show how eye movement studies provide a very useful on-line processing measure, allowing us to account for observed differences in behavioural data (accuracy and reaction times). The subtle processing differences that eye movement data reveal in both language and social processing have the potential to impact in the everyday communication domain in autism. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism; eye movements; cognitive processing; social and everyday communication autism; eye movements; cognitive processing; social and everyday communication
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Howard, P.L.; Zhang, L.; Benson, V. What Can Eye Movements Tell Us about Subtle Cognitive Processing Differences in Autism? Vision 2019, 3, 22.

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