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Review

Is the Focal Muscle Vibration an Effective Motor Conditioning Intervention? A Systematic Review

1
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology “V. Erspamer”, Sapienza University of Roma, Piazz.le A. Moro, 5, 00185 Roma, Italy
2
Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino e Lazio Meridionale Via S. Angelo—Località Folcara, 03043 Cassino, Italy
3
Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Perugia, Piazza dell’Università, 1, 06123 Perugia, Italy
4
Department of Neuroscience, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Roland Van den Tillaar
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2021, 6(2), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6020039
Received: 4 March 2021 / Revised: 21 April 2021 / Accepted: 23 April 2021 / Published: 28 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Kinesiology and Biomechanics)
Mechanical vibration, applied to single or few muscles, can be a selective stimulus for muscle spindles, able to modify neuromuscular management, inducing short and long-term effects, are now mainly employed in clinic studies. Several studies reported as treatments with focal vibratory (FVT) can influence neuromuscular parameters also in healthy people. However, the application modalities and the consequent effects are remarkably fragmented. This paper aims to review these studies and to characterize the FVT effectiveness on long-term conditional capacities in relation to FVT characteristics. A systematic search of studies published from 1985 to 2020 in English on healthcare databases was performed. Articles had to meet the following criteria: (1) treatment based on a locally applied vibration on muscle belly or tendon; (2) healthy adults involved; (3) outcomes time analysis enduring for more than 24 h. Twelve studies were found, all of them presented an excellent quality score of ≥75%. All selected papers reported positive changes, comparable with traditional long-lasting training effects. Muscle force and power were the most investigated parameters. The after-effects persisted for up to several months. Among the different FV administration modalities, the most effective seems to show a stimulus frequency of ≈100 Hz, repeated more times within three-five days on a voluntary contracted muscle. View Full-Text
Keywords: power; force; efficiency; motor adjustments; muscle vibration power; force; efficiency; motor adjustments; muscle vibration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fattorini, L.; Rodio, A.; Pettorossi, V.E.; Filippi, G.M. Is the Focal Muscle Vibration an Effective Motor Conditioning Intervention? A Systematic Review. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2021, 6, 39. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6020039

AMA Style

Fattorini L, Rodio A, Pettorossi VE, Filippi GM. Is the Focal Muscle Vibration an Effective Motor Conditioning Intervention? A Systematic Review. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 2021; 6(2):39. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6020039

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fattorini, Luigi, Angelo Rodio, Vito E. Pettorossi, and Guido M. Filippi 2021. "Is the Focal Muscle Vibration an Effective Motor Conditioning Intervention? A Systematic Review" Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology 6, no. 2: 39. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6020039

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