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Evaluation of the Bourban Trunk Muscle Strength Test Based on Electromyographic Parameters

Department of Sport Science, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, 67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany
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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4(2), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk4020035
Received: 20 May 2019 / Revised: 7 June 2019 / Accepted: 10 June 2019 / Published: 17 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Kinesiology and Biomechanics)
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Abstract

(1) Background: The importance of a strong and stable trunk musculature is well known, but there is a lack of reliable, valid and objective test batteries with the necessary test economy, practicability and cost-benefit ratio. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the Bourban test for the validity of its exercise selection representing the ventral, right/left lateral and dorsal muscle chain. (2) Methods: 33 male sports students (24.1 ± 2.4 years, 181.6 ± 5.5 cm, 80.8 ± 7.3 kg) participated in the study. Median Frequency (MDF) and Mean Frequency (MNF) were calculated from the electromyographic signals and used to check whether fatigue of the suggested target musculature actually occurs during the different exercises and thus the exercise is representative for this part of the trunk. (3) Results: In all exercises significant fatigue was measured for MDF and MNF in the muscles working as agonists. (4) Conclusion: It can be stated that the Bourban trunk muscle strength test is a valid and economic test instrument for the evaluation of trunk strength (endurance). Compared to technically supported measuring systems, the Bourban test seems to be a flexible and cost-effective alternative for the broad mass. View Full-Text
Keywords: electromyography; trunk muscle strength; assessment; fatigue; mean frequency; median frequency electromyography; trunk muscle strength; assessment; fatigue; mean frequency; median frequency
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Becker, S.; Berger, J.; Backfisch, M.; Ludwig, O.; Fröhlich, M. Evaluation of the Bourban Trunk Muscle Strength Test Based on Electromyographic Parameters. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4, 35.

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