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Open AccessArticle

Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality

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Higher Education Sport, University Centre Hartpury, Gloucester GL19 3BE, UK
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Sport, Exercise and Well-Being Research Arena, University Centre Hartpury, Gloucester GL19 3BE, UK
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Engineering Behaviour Analytics in Sports and Exercise (E-BASE) Research Group, Swansea University, Wales SA1 8EN, UK
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School of Physical Education and Sport Science National, Kapodistrian University of Athens, 17237 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2018, 3(2), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk3020020
Received: 14 February 2018 / Revised: 15 March 2018 / Accepted: 20 March 2018 / Published: 22 March 2018
The purpose of this study was to investigate the between- and within-sex differences in actual and perceived locomotor and object control skills in children (8–10 year). All participants (58 children (29 boys; 9.5 ± 0.6 years; 1.44 ± 0.09 m; 39.6 ± 9.5 kg; body mass index; 18.8 ± 3.1 kg·m2)) completed the Test of Gross Motor Development (2nd edition) and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children. Between- and within-sex differences were assessed using independent and paired samples t-tests, respectively. For all tests, effect sizes and Bayes factors were calculated. There were significant differences (p < 0.001) between sexes for perceived locomotor and perceived object control skills (boys > girls), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 55,344 and 460, respectively). A significant difference (p < 0.001) was found between girls’ actual and perceived locomotor skills (d = −0.88; 95% confidence interval: −0.46 to −1.34), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 483). A significant difference (p < 0.001) was found between boys’ actual and perceived object control skills (d = 0.69; 95% CI: 0.2 to 1.12), with Bayes factors very strongly in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 41). These findings suggest that there exists an issue of non-veridicality between actual and perceived motor competence skills, and their subsets, and a sex-mediated discord in children (8–10 years). View Full-Text
Keywords: motor competence; actual; perceived; children; locomotor; object control motor competence; actual; perceived; children; locomotor; object control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Clark, C.C.T.; Moran, J.; Drury, B.; Venetsanou, F.; Fernandes, J.F.T. Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2018, 3, 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk3020020

AMA Style

Clark CCT, Moran J, Drury B, Venetsanou F, Fernandes JFT. Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 2018; 3(2):20. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk3020020

Chicago/Turabian Style

Clark, Cain C.T.; Moran, Jason; Drury, Benjamin; Venetsanou, Fotini; Fernandes, John F.T. 2018. "Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality" J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 3, no. 2: 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk3020020

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