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Open AccessReview

Endocrine Management of Transgender Adults: A Clinical Approach

1
Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
2
Department of Health Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
3
Unit of Endocrinology, Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome “Foro Italico”, 00135 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contribution.
Sexes 2021, 2(1), 104-118; https://doi.org/10.3390/sexes2010009
Received: 11 November 2020 / Revised: 19 January 2021 / Accepted: 28 January 2021 / Published: 1 February 2021
The attention to transgender medicine has changed over the last decade and the interest is most likely going to increase in the future due to the fact that gender-affirming treatments are now being requested by an increasing number of transgender people. Even if gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT) is based on a multidisciplinary approach, this review is going to focus on the procedures adopted by the endocrinologist in an out-clinic setting once an adult patient is referred by another specialist for ‘gender affirming’ therapy. Before commencing this latter treatment, several background information on unmet needs regarding medical and surgical outcomes should be investigated. We summarized our endocrinological clinical and therapeutic approaches to adult transgender individuals before and during GAHT based on a non-systematic review. Moreover, the possible relationships between GAHT, gender-related pharmacology, and COVID-19 are also reported. View Full-Text
Keywords: transgender; healthcare; hormonal treatment; follow-up; endocrinologist transgender; healthcare; hormonal treatment; follow-up; endocrinologist
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MDPI and ACS Style

Iuliano, S.; Izzo, G.; Zagari, M.C.; Vergine, M.; Brunetti, F.S.; Brunetti, A.; Di Luigi, L.; Aversa, A. Endocrine Management of Transgender Adults: A Clinical Approach. Sexes 2021, 2, 104-118. https://doi.org/10.3390/sexes2010009

AMA Style

Iuliano S, Izzo G, Zagari MC, Vergine M, Brunetti FS, Brunetti A, Di Luigi L, Aversa A. Endocrine Management of Transgender Adults: A Clinical Approach. Sexes. 2021; 2(1):104-118. https://doi.org/10.3390/sexes2010009

Chicago/Turabian Style

Iuliano, Stefano; Izzo, Giulia; Zagari, Maria C.; Vergine, Margherita; Brunetti, Francesco S.; Brunetti, Antonio; Di Luigi, Luigi; Aversa, Antonio. 2021. "Endocrine Management of Transgender Adults: A Clinical Approach" Sexes 2, no. 1: 104-118. https://doi.org/10.3390/sexes2010009

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