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Consumption of Atlantic Salmon Smolt by Striped Bass: A Review of the Predator-Prey Encounter Literature and Implications for the Design of Effective Sampling Strategies

1
Department of Biology, University of New Brunswick, Canadian Rivers Institute, Fredericton, NB E3B 5A3, Canada
2
Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management, University of New Brunswick, P.O. Box 4400, Fredericton, NB E3B 5A3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Fishes 2019, 4(4), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes4040050
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 17 September 2019 / Accepted: 24 September 2019 / Published: 11 October 2019
The native striped bass (Morone saxatilis) population of the Miramichi River, New Brunswick is undergoing an unprecedented recovery while Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) numbers within that system continue to decline. Atlantic salmon smolt depart from the Miramichi system during the striped bass spawning period and it is hypothesized that elevated striped bass abundances will increase encounter rates and predation on smolts. We summarize all available striped bass diet studies occurring within the native range of Atlantic salmon and present a review of the feeding behavior and diet preferences of striped bass before, during, and after their spawning period. The key studies vary in methodologies and interpretability. We present a standardized approach for assessing striped bass predation threats and smolt vulnerability and thus an improved understanding of the species interactions to guide future management in the Miramichi River. View Full-Text
Keywords: Conservation; diet; management; methodology; monitoring; predation; striped bass; Atlantic salmon Conservation; diet; management; methodology; monitoring; predation; striped bass; Atlantic salmon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Andrews, S.N.; Hirtle, S.V.; Linnansaari, T.; Curry, R.A. Consumption of Atlantic Salmon Smolt by Striped Bass: A Review of the Predator-Prey Encounter Literature and Implications for the Design of Effective Sampling Strategies. Fishes 2019, 4, 50. https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes4040050

AMA Style

Andrews SN, Hirtle SV, Linnansaari T, Curry RA. Consumption of Atlantic Salmon Smolt by Striped Bass: A Review of the Predator-Prey Encounter Literature and Implications for the Design of Effective Sampling Strategies. Fishes. 2019; 4(4):50. https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes4040050

Chicago/Turabian Style

Andrews, Samuel N., Sarah V. Hirtle, Tommi Linnansaari, and R. A. Curry 2019. "Consumption of Atlantic Salmon Smolt by Striped Bass: A Review of the Predator-Prey Encounter Literature and Implications for the Design of Effective Sampling Strategies" Fishes 4, no. 4: 50. https://doi.org/10.3390/fishes4040050

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