# Drake-like Calculations for the Frequency of Life in the Universe

## Abstract

**:**

## 1. Historical Background

## 2. Criticism of the Drake Equation

## 3. Previous Modifications to the Drake Equation

## 4. A Modified Drake Equation as Motivation to Pursue Astrobiology

## 5. Data Situation of ${\mathit{R}}^{\mathbf{*}}$

## 6. The Data Situation of ${\mathit{f}}_{\mathit{p}}$ and ${\mathit{n}}_{\mathit{e}}$

## 7. The Data Situation of L

## 8. First Evaluation and Extension to Moons

## Funding

## Conflicts of Interest

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Platt, K.-F. Drake-like Calculations for the Frequency of Life in the Universe. *Philosophies* **2021**, *6*, 49.
https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies6020049

**AMA Style**

Platt K-F. Drake-like Calculations for the Frequency of Life in the Universe. *Philosophies*. 2021; 6(2):49.
https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies6020049

**Chicago/Turabian Style**

Platt, Karl-Florian. 2021. "Drake-like Calculations for the Frequency of Life in the Universe" *Philosophies* 6, no. 2: 49.
https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies6020049