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The Game Is Not over Yet—Go in the Post-AlphaGo Era

1
Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Akita International University, Yuwa, Akita City 010-1292, Japan
2
Nihon Ki-In—Japan Go Association, 7-2 Gobancho, Chiyoda City, Tokyo 102-0076, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Philosophies 2020, 5(4), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies5040037
Received: 1 October 2020 / Revised: 6 November 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 13 November 2020
The game of Go was the last great challenge for artificial intelligence in abstract board games. AlphaGo was the first system to reach supremacy, and subsequent implementations further improved the state of the art. As in chess, the fall of the human world champion did not lead to the end of the game. Now, we have renewed interest in the game due to new questions that emerged in this development. How far are we from perfect play? Can humans catch up? How compressible is Go knowledge? What is the computational complexity of a perfect player? How much energy is really needed to play the game optimally? Here, we investigate these and related questions with respect to the special properties of Go (meaningful draws and extreme combinatorial complexity). Since traditional board games have an important role in human culture, our analysis is relevant in a broader context. What happens in the game world could forecast our relationship with AI entities, their explainability, and usefulness. View Full-Text
Keywords: game of Go; artificial intelligence; deep learning; neural networks; combinatorics; complexity game of Go; artificial intelligence; deep learning; neural networks; combinatorics; complexity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Egri-Nagy, A.; Törmänen, A. The Game Is Not over Yet—Go in the Post-AlphaGo Era. Philosophies 2020, 5, 37. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies5040037

AMA Style

Egri-Nagy A, Törmänen A. The Game Is Not over Yet—Go in the Post-AlphaGo Era. Philosophies. 2020; 5(4):37. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies5040037

Chicago/Turabian Style

Egri-Nagy, Attila, and Antti Törmänen. 2020. "The Game Is Not over Yet—Go in the Post-AlphaGo Era" Philosophies 5, no. 4: 37. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies5040037

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