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A Cognitive Perspective on Knowledge How: Why Intellectualism Is Neuro-Psychologically Implausible

1
Department of Philosophy, Lund University, 22100 Lund, Sweden
2
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2815 Gjøvik, Norway
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Philosophies 2020, 5(3), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies5030021
Received: 25 July 2020 / Revised: 21 August 2020 / Accepted: 24 August 2020 / Published: 5 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 2)
We defend two theses: (1) Knowledge how and knowledge that are two distinct forms of knowledge, and; (2) Stanley-style intellectualism is neuro-psychologically implausible. Our naturalistic argument for the distinction between knowledge how and knowledge that is based on a consideration of the nature of slips and basic activities. We further argue that Stanley’s brand of intellectualism has certain ontological consequences that go against modern cognitive neuroscience and psychology. We tie up our line of thought by showing that input from cognitive neuroscience and psychology, on multiple levels of analysis, cohere in supporting the distinction between two separate forms of knowledge. The upshot is a neuro-psychologically plausible understanding of knowledge. View Full-Text
Keywords: intellectualism; anti-intellectualism; knowledge; knowledge how; knowledge that; naturalism; slips; basic activities intellectualism; anti-intellectualism; knowledge; knowledge how; knowledge that; naturalism; slips; basic activities
MDPI and ACS Style

Stephens, A.; Felix, C.V. A Cognitive Perspective on Knowledge How: Why Intellectualism Is Neuro-Psychologically Implausible. Philosophies 2020, 5, 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies5030021

AMA Style

Stephens A, Felix CV. A Cognitive Perspective on Knowledge How: Why Intellectualism Is Neuro-Psychologically Implausible. Philosophies. 2020; 5(3):21. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies5030021

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stephens, Andreas; Felix, Cathrine V. 2020. "A Cognitive Perspective on Knowledge How: Why Intellectualism Is Neuro-Psychologically Implausible" Philosophies 5, no. 3: 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies5030021

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