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Open AccessArticle

Embodied AI beyond Embodied Cognition and Enactivism

Philosophy Studies, IULM University, 16033 Lavagna, Italy
Philosophies 2019, 4(3), 39;
Received: 18 April 2019 / Revised: 10 July 2019 / Accepted: 11 July 2019 / Published: 16 July 2019
PDF [231 KB, uploaded 16 July 2019]


Over the last three decades, the rise of embodied cognition (EC) articulated in various schools (or versions) of embodied, embedded, extended and enacted cognition (Gallagher’s 4E) has offered AI a way out of traditional computationalism—an approach (or an understanding) loosely referred to as embodied AI. This view has split into various branches ranging from a weak form on the brink of functionalism (loosely represented by Clarks’ parity principle) to a strong form (often corresponding to autopoietic-friendly enactivism) suggesting that body–world interactions constitute cognition. From an ontological perspective, however, constitution is a problematic notion with no obvious empirical or technical advantages. This paper discusses the ontological issues of these two approaches in regard to embodied AI and its ontological commitments: circularity, epiphenomenalism, mentalism, and disguised dualism. The paper also outlines an even more radical approach that may offer some ontological advantages. The new approach, called the mind-object identity, is then briefly compared with sensorimotor direct realism and with the embodied identity theory. View Full-Text
Keywords: embodied AI; AI; consciousness; philosophy of mind; epiphenomenalism; functionalism; mentalism; intentionality embodied AI; AI; consciousness; philosophy of mind; epiphenomenalism; functionalism; mentalism; intentionality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Manzotti, R. Embodied AI beyond Embodied Cognition and Enactivism. Philosophies 2019, 4, 39.

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