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Philosophy in Reality: Scientific Discovery and Logical Recovery

1
International Center for the Philosophy of Information, Xi’an Social Sciences University, Xi’an 710049, China
2
Chemin du Collège 1, 1865 Les Diablerets, Switzerland
3
Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL A1B 3X9, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Philosophies 2019, 4(2), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies4020022
Received: 31 March 2019 / Revised: 4 May 2019 / Accepted: 6 May 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 2)
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PDF [497 KB, uploaded 22 May 2019]

Abstract

Three disciplines address the codified forms and rules of human thought and reasoning: logic, available since antiquity; dialectics as a process of logical reasoning; and semiotics which focuses on the epistemological properties of the extant domain. However, both the paradigmatic-historical model of knowledge and the logical-semiotic model of thought tend to incorrectly emphasize the separation and differences between the respective domains vs. their overlap and interactions. We propose a sublation of linguistic logics of objects and static forms by a dynamic logic of real physical-mental processes designated as the Logic in Reality (LIR). In our generalized logical theory, dialectics and semiotics are recovered from reductionist interpretations and reunited in a new synthetic paradigm centered on meaning and its communication. Our theory constitutes a meta-thesis composed of elements from science, logic and philosophy. We apply the theory to gain new insights into the structure and role of semiosis, information and communication and propose the concept of ‘ontolon’ to define the element of reasoning as a real dynamic process. It is part of a project within natural philosophy, which will address broader aspects of the dynamics of the growth of civilizations and their potential implications for the information society. View Full-Text
Keywords: dialectics; epistemon; information; logic in reality; natural philosophy; ontolon; semiotics dialectics; epistemon; information; logic in reality; natural philosophy; ontolon; semiotics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Brenner, J.E.; Igamberdiev, A.U. Philosophy in Reality: Scientific Discovery and Logical Recovery. Philosophies 2019, 4, 22.

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