Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Coming Emptiness: On the Meaning of the Emptiness of the Universe in Natural Philosophy
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Urgent Need of a Naturalized Logic
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Philosophies 2018, 3(4), 45;

Temporality Naturalized

Department of BioEngineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Nagaoka 940-2188, Japan
Received: 22 October 2018 / Revised: 13 December 2018 / Accepted: 14 December 2018 / Published: 17 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1)
Full-Text   |   PDF [230 KB, uploaded 17 December 2018]


The Schrödinger equation for quantum mechanics, which is approachable in third-person description, takes for granted tenseless time that does not distinguish between different tenses such as past, present, and future. The time-reversal symmetry grounded upon tenseless time globally may, however, be broken once measurement in the form of exchanging indivisible quantum particles between the measured and the measuring intervenes. Measurement breaks tenseless time locally and distinguishes different tenses. Since measurement is about the material process of feeding and acting upon the quantum resources already available from any material bodies to be measured internally, the agency of measurement is sought within the environment in the broadest sense. Most indicative of internal measurement of the environmental origin are chemical reactions in the reaction environment. Temporality naturalized in chemical reactions proceeding as being subjected to frequent interventions of internal measurement is approachable in second-person description because of the participation of multiple agents of measurement there. The use of second-person description is found in the appraisal of the material capacity of generating, distinguishing, and integrating different tenses. An essence of the temporality to be naturalized is within the genesis of different tenses. A most conspicuous exemplar of naturalized temporality is sought in the origins of life conceivable exclusively on the material ground. View Full-Text
Keywords: causality; embodiment; measurement; regulation; retrocausality; second-person description; symmetry breaking; temporality causality; embodiment; measurement; regulation; retrocausality; second-person description; symmetry breaking; temporality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Matsuno, K. Temporality Naturalized. Philosophies 2018, 3, 45.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Philosophies EISSN 2409-9287 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top