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Philosophies 2018, 3(4), 36;

Hylomorphism Extended: Dynamical Forms and Minds

Cognitive Science Department, Faculty of Humanities, and Neurocognitive Laboratory, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 87-100 Toruń, Poland
Received: 17 September 2018 / Revised: 14 November 2018 / Accepted: 15 November 2018 / Published: 19 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1)
Full-Text   |   PDF [199 KB, uploaded 19 November 2018]


Physical objects are compounds of matter and form, as stated by Aristotle in his hylomorphism theory. The concept of “form” in this theory refers to physical structures or organizational structures. However, mental processes are not of this kind, they do not change physical arrangement of neurons, but change their states. To cover all natural processes hylomorphism should acknowledge differences between three kinds of forms: Form as physical structure, form as function resulting from organization and interactions between constituent parts, and dynamical form as state transitions that change functions of structures without changing their physical organization. Dynamical forms, patterns of energy activation that change the flow of information without changing the structure of matter, are the key to understand minds of rational animals. View Full-Text
Keywords: hylomorphism; mind; form; matter; neurodynamics hylomorphism; mind; form; matter; neurodynamics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Duch, W. Hylomorphism Extended: Dynamical Forms and Minds. Philosophies 2018, 3, 36.

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