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Protocol

An Enhanced Self-Care Protocol for People Affected by Moderate to Severe Lymphedema

Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Department of Tropical Disease Biology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
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Methods Protoc. 2019, 2(3), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/mps2030077
Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 22 August 2019 / Accepted: 1 September 2019 / Published: 4 September 2019
Lymphedema is a chronic skin disease that has many causes and leads to significant disfigurement and disability worldwide. Recommendations for lymphedema self-care vary by setting and the World Health Organization guidelines for people affected by lymphatic filariasis- and podoconiosis-related lymphedema are centered around a basic daily hygiene regimen. Research on cancer-related lymphedema in developed country settings suggests that deep-breathing exercises and self-massage can improve lymphedema status, but these exercises are not routinely taught to people affected by lymphedema in developing country settings. To determine if the activities proven in cancer-related lymphedema can improve outcomes for people affected by lymphatic filariasis- or podoconiosis-related lymphedema, an enhanced self-care protocol for lower limb lymphedema was developed and trialed in Nilphamari District in Bangladesh and Simada Woreda in Ethiopia. Enhanced self-care activities were chosen on the basis that they would not add financial burden to patients or their families and included recommendations to perform deep-breathing exercises and self-massage, drink clean water, and eat fresh fruits and vegetables. The enhanced-care protocol was developed in collaboration with implementing partners in both countries and may be applicable in other populations affected by lower-limb lymphedema. Trial methods and results will be submitted for peer reviewed publication. Current recommendations for lymphedema self-care may be less effective for people with more advanced disease and new or cross-cutting methods are needed to improve outcomes for these populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: lymphedema; lymphatic-filariasis; podoconiosis; self-care; lower-limb; exercise; massage lymphedema; lymphatic-filariasis; podoconiosis; self-care; lower-limb; exercise; massage
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MDPI and ACS Style

Douglass, J.; Mableson, H.E.; Martindale, S.; Kelly-Hope, L.A. An Enhanced Self-Care Protocol for People Affected by Moderate to Severe Lymphedema. Methods Protoc. 2019, 2, 77. https://doi.org/10.3390/mps2030077

AMA Style

Douglass J, Mableson HE, Martindale S, Kelly-Hope LA. An Enhanced Self-Care Protocol for People Affected by Moderate to Severe Lymphedema. Methods and Protocols. 2019; 2(3):77. https://doi.org/10.3390/mps2030077

Chicago/Turabian Style

Douglass, Janet, Hayley E. Mableson, Sarah Martindale, and Louise A. Kelly-Hope 2019. "An Enhanced Self-Care Protocol for People Affected by Moderate to Severe Lymphedema" Methods and Protocols 2, no. 3: 77. https://doi.org/10.3390/mps2030077

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