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Methods Protoc. 2018, 1(2), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/mps1020017

A Two-Step Method for Obtaining Highly Pure Cas9 Nuclease for Genome Editing, Biophysical, and Structural Studies

National Research Council of Canada, 110 Gymnasium Place, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0W9, Canada
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Received: 19 April 2018 / Revised: 22 May 2018 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 / Published: 30 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Gene Editing)
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Abstract

Cas9 is a site-specific RNA-guided endonuclease (RGEN) that can be used for precise genome editing in various cell types from multiple species. Ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes, which contains the Cas9 protein in complex with a guide RNA, are sufficient for the precise editing of genomes in various cells. This DNA-free method is more specific in editing the target sites and there is no integration of foreign DNA into the genome. Also, there are ongoing studies into the interactions of Cas9 protein with modified guide RNAs, as well as structure-activity studies of Cas9 protein and its variants. All these investigations require highly pure Cas9 protein. A single-step metal affinity enrichment yielding impure Cas9 is the most common method of purification described. This is sufficient for many gene editing applications of this protein. However, to obtain Cas9 of higher purity, which might be essential for biophysical characterization, chemical modifications, and structural investigations, laborious multi-step protocols are employed. Here, we describe a two-step Cas9 purification protocol that uses metal affinity enrichment followed by cation exchange chromatography. This simple method can yield a milligram of highly pure Cas9 protein per liter of culture in a single day. View Full-Text
Keywords: genome editing; CRISPR-Cas9; ribonucleoprotein (RNP); Cas9 purification; cation exchange chromatography genome editing; CRISPR-Cas9; ribonucleoprotein (RNP); Cas9 purification; cation exchange chromatography
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Rajagopalan, N.; Kagale, S.; Bhowmik, P.; Song, H. A Two-Step Method for Obtaining Highly Pure Cas9 Nuclease for Genome Editing, Biophysical, and Structural Studies. Methods Protoc. 2018, 1, 17.

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