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Methods Protoc. 2018, 1(2), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/mps1020010

High Performance Liquid Chromatography Separation of Epigenetic Cytosine Variants

Biology and Chemistry Department, Liberty University, Lynchburg, VA 24515, USA
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Received: 1 February 2018 / Revised: 13 March 2018 / Accepted: 14 March 2018 / Published: 21 March 2018
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Abstract

Epigenetic modifications enable cells to genetically respond to chemical inputs from environmental sources. These marks play a pivotal role in normal biological processes (e.g., differentiation, host defense and metabolic programs) but also contribute to the development of a wide variety of pathological conditions (e.g., cancer and Alzheimer’s disease). In particular, DNA methylation represents very stable epigenetic modification of cytosine bases that is strongly associated with a reduction in gene activity. Although High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) methodologies have been used to resolve methylated cytosine from unmodified cytosine bases, these represent only two of the five major cytosine analogs in the cell. Moreover, failure to resolve these other cytosine analogs might affect an accurate description of the cytosine methylation status in cells. In this present study, we determined the HPLC conditions required to separate the five cytosine analogs of the methylation/demethylation pathway. This methodology not only provides a means to analyze cytosine methylation as a whole, but it could also be used to more accurately calculate the methylation ratio from biological samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: HPLC; methyl-cytosine; hydroxymethyl-cytosine; epigenetics HPLC; methyl-cytosine; hydroxymethyl-cytosine; epigenetics
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Roberts, C.E.; Raner, G.M.; Isaacs, G.D. High Performance Liquid Chromatography Separation of Epigenetic Cytosine Variants. Methods Protoc. 2018, 1, 10.

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