Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
From Neonatal Hearing Screening to Intervention: Results of the Dutch Program for Neonatal Hearing Screening in Well Babies
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
What Contribution Did Economic Evidence Make to the Adoption of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Policies in the United States?
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Neonatal Screen. 2018, 4(3), 26;

Newborn Hearing Screening in Bavaria—Is It Possible to Reach the Quality Parameters?

Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority (LGL), Veterinärstr.2, 85764 Munich-Oberschleißheim, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2018 / Revised: 12 July 2018 / Accepted: 24 July 2018 / Published: 24 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Newborn Hearing Screening)
Full-Text   |   PDF [199 KB, uploaded 24 July 2018]


Since the 1 January, 2009, newborn hearing screening (NHS) has been obligatory for every child in Germany. NHS is part of the Pediatrics Directive of the Federal Joint Committee. In this directive, details of the procedures and screening quality to be achieved are given. We evaluate if these quality criteria were met in Bavaria in 2016. The NHS data of children born in 2016 in Bavaria were evaluated for quality criteria, such as screening coverage in screening facilities, screening methods, referral rate (rate of failed tests at discharge) and a child’s age at the diagnosis of a hearing disorder. NHS was documented for 116,776 children born in Bavaria in 2016. In the first step, 78,904 newborns were screened with transient evoked otoacoustic emissions and 37,865 with automated auditory brainstem response. Of these, 9182 (7.8%) failed the first test in one or both ears. A second screening before discharge was performed on 53.3% of the newborns with a refer result in the first test, out of which 58.7% received a pass result. After the screening process, 4.6% of the newborns were discharged with a refer result. Only 18% of the first controls after discharge were performed by a pediatric audiologist. In 37.9% of the newborns, the screening center intervened to assure the control of any failed screening test. The median age of diagnosis for bilateral hearing loss was 5.3 months. In Bavaria, NHS was implemented successfully. A tracking system for all children who failed the hearing screening test is pivotal for early diagnosis and therapy of children with hearing deficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: newborn hearing screening; tracking; screening center; congenital hearing disorder newborn hearing screening; tracking; screening center; congenital hearing disorder
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Brockow, I.; Söhl, K.; Nennstiel, U. Newborn Hearing Screening in Bavaria—Is It Possible to Reach the Quality Parameters? Int. J. Neonatal Screen. 2018, 4, 26.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Neonatal Screen. EISSN 2409-515X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top