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Investigation of the Frequency of Coronary Artery Anomalies in MDCT Coronary Angiography and Comparison of Atherosclerotic Involvement between Anomaly Types

by 1,* and 2
1
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Adnan Menderes University, 09100 Aydın, Turkey
2
Department of Radiology, Malatya Training and Research Hospital, 44330 Malatya, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Tomography 2022, 8(3), 1631-1641; https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8030135
Received: 29 April 2022 / Revised: 9 June 2022 / Accepted: 16 June 2022 / Published: 20 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Cardiovascular Imaging)
Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are rare anatomical variations characterized by abnormal origin, course, or termination of the coronary arteries. This study aims to identify incidental CAAs in patients who underwent multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography (MDCTCA) to determine their incidence and to evaluate whether there is a difference between CAA types in terms of coronary atherosclerotic involvement. For this purpose, patients who underwent MDCTCA between December 2018 and January 2022 were retrospectively assessed. Of the 5200 MDCTCAs analyzed, CAAs were detected in 136 patients (2.61%). Of these 136 patients, 37 (27.2%) patients had an origin anomaly, 97 (71.3%) had a course anomaly, and 2 (1.5%) had a termination anomaly. There was no statistically significant difference between CAA types in terms of atherosclerotic involvement (p = 0.220). However, atherosclerotic involvement was high in vessels with anomalies when normal vessels with and without anomalies were compared (p = 0.005). Accurate detection of CAAs is vital for endovascular treatment or surgical intervention. MDCTCA is helpful both in the diagnosis of CAA and in the early detection and development of prevention strategies for coronary atherosclerosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: coronary artery anomaly; MDCT angiography; coronary atherosclerosis coronary artery anomaly; MDCT angiography; coronary atherosclerosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Şahin, T.; Ilgar, M. Investigation of the Frequency of Coronary Artery Anomalies in MDCT Coronary Angiography and Comparison of Atherosclerotic Involvement between Anomaly Types. Tomography 2022, 8, 1631-1641. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8030135

AMA Style

Şahin T, Ilgar M. Investigation of the Frequency of Coronary Artery Anomalies in MDCT Coronary Angiography and Comparison of Atherosclerotic Involvement between Anomaly Types. Tomography. 2022; 8(3):1631-1641. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8030135

Chicago/Turabian Style

Şahin, Tuna, and Mehtap Ilgar. 2022. "Investigation of the Frequency of Coronary Artery Anomalies in MDCT Coronary Angiography and Comparison of Atherosclerotic Involvement between Anomaly Types" Tomography 8, no. 3: 1631-1641. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography8030135

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