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Review

Paleomimetics: A Conceptual Framework for a Biomimetic Design Inspired by Fossils and Evolutionary Processes

1
Department of Engineering, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Via Roma 29, 81031 Aversa, Italy
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Department of Invertebrate Palaeontology, University of Florida, Florida Museum, Dickinson Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
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Department of Earth Sciences, Environment and Resources, University of Naples Federico II, Via Vicinale Cupa Cintia 26, 80126 Napoli, Italy
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Department of Architecture and Industrial Design, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Via San Lorenzo, 81031 Aversa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc Weissburg
Biomimetics 2022, 7(3), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics7030089
Received: 20 May 2022 / Revised: 29 June 2022 / Accepted: 2 July 2022 / Published: 5 July 2022
In biomimetic design, functional systems, principles, and processes observed in nature are used for the development of innovative technical systems. The research on functional features is often carried out without giving importance to the generative mechanism behind them: evolution. To deeply understand and evaluate the meaning of functional morphologies, integrative structures, and processes, it is imperative to not only describe, analyse, and test their behaviour, but also to understand the evolutionary history, constraints, and interactions that led to these features. The discipline of palaeontology and its approach can considerably improve the efficiency of biomimetic transfer by analogy of function; additionally, this discipline, as well as biology, can contribute to the development of new shapes, textures, structures, and functional models for productive and generative processes useful in the improvement of designs. Based on the available literature, the present review aims to exhibit the potential contribution that palaeontology can offer to biomimetic processes, integrating specific methodologies and knowledge in a typical biomimetic design approach, as well as laying the foundation for a biomimetic design inspired by extinct species and evolutionary processes: Paleomimetics. A state of the art, definition, method, and tools are provided, and fossil entities are presented as potential role models for technical transfer solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioinspiration; evolution; constraints; biomechanics; virtual palaeontology bioinspiration; evolution; constraints; biomechanics; virtual palaeontology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Perricone, V.; Grun, T.; Raia, P.; Langella, C. Paleomimetics: A Conceptual Framework for a Biomimetic Design Inspired by Fossils and Evolutionary Processes. Biomimetics 2022, 7, 89. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics7030089

AMA Style

Perricone V, Grun T, Raia P, Langella C. Paleomimetics: A Conceptual Framework for a Biomimetic Design Inspired by Fossils and Evolutionary Processes. Biomimetics. 2022; 7(3):89. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics7030089

Chicago/Turabian Style

Perricone, Valentina, Tobias Grun, Pasquale Raia, and Carla Langella. 2022. "Paleomimetics: A Conceptual Framework for a Biomimetic Design Inspired by Fossils and Evolutionary Processes" Biomimetics 7, no. 3: 89. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics7030089

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