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Communication

Biological Practices and Fields, Missing Pieces of the Biomimetics’ Methodological Puzzle

Laboratory of Product Design and Innovation, LCPI, Arts et Metiers Institute of Technology HESAM University, 151 Bd de l’Hôpital, 75013 Paris, France
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Biomimetics 2020, 5(4), 62; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics5040062
Received: 24 July 2020 / Revised: 8 November 2020 / Accepted: 16 November 2020 / Published: 18 November 2020
Facing current biomimetics impediments, recent studies have supported the integration within biomimetic teams of a new actor having biological knowledge and know-how. This actor is referred to as the “biomimetician” in this article. However, whereas biology is often considered a homogenous whole in the methodological literature targeting biomimetics, it actually gathers fundamentally different fields. Each of these fields is structured around specific practices, tools, and reasoning. Based on this observation, we wondered which knowledge and know-how, and so biological fields, should characterize biomimeticians. Following the design research methodology, this article thus investigates the operational integration of two biological fields, namely ecology and phylogenetics, as a starting point in the establishment of the biomimetician’s biological tools and practices. After a descriptive phase identifying specific needs and potential conceptual bridges, we presented various ways of applying biological expertise during biomimetic processes in the prescriptive phase of the study. Finally, we discussed current limitations and future research axes. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomimetics; biomimicry; biological tools; pluridisciplinarity; innovation biomimetics; biomimicry; biological tools; pluridisciplinarity; innovation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Graeff, E.; Maranzana, N.; Aoussat, A. Biological Practices and Fields, Missing Pieces of the Biomimetics’ Methodological Puzzle. Biomimetics 2020, 5, 62. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics5040062

AMA Style

Graeff E, Maranzana N, Aoussat A. Biological Practices and Fields, Missing Pieces of the Biomimetics’ Methodological Puzzle. Biomimetics. 2020; 5(4):62. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics5040062

Chicago/Turabian Style

Graeff, Eliot, Nicolas Maranzana, and Améziane Aoussat. 2020. "Biological Practices and Fields, Missing Pieces of the Biomimetics’ Methodological Puzzle" Biomimetics 5, no. 4: 62. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics5040062

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