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Review

Stannous Fluoride Effects on Enamel: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences, Morphological and Functional Images, University of Messina, Policlinico G. Martino, Via Consolare Valeria, 98100 Messina, Italy
2
Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80100 Napoli, Italy
3
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomimetics 2020, 5(3), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics5030041
Received: 19 June 2020 / Revised: 20 August 2020 / Accepted: 25 August 2020 / Published: 31 August 2020
In recent years there has been a lot of talk about toothpastes with a particular chemical compound: stannous fluoride (SnF2). Its presence is currently still highly controversial, as the latter could have negative health effects. The different companies that produce toothpastes express its dosage in ppm. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to analyze all randomized clinical trials in the literature over the last 10 years and to draw clear results on the function of stannous fluoride, for this purpose the authors performed a Mann–Whitney U Test. Materials: The first analysis of the literature produced a number greater than 800 results, subsequently applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and following a manual analysis of the results, 26 manuscripts have been obtained. Results: From the results analyzed in this review, it could be shown that stannous fluoride does not present important contraindications, if not those commonly reported for fluorine. A meta-analysis on enamel loss has been conducted, it shows that SnF2 products provide better results with a p < 0.05 value. Conclusion: This compound could have significant effects in favor of erosion and recalcification of the enamel, on the biofilm formation, gingival inflammation, and in addition, it could be an important aid in the removal of tooth stains and halitosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: dentistry; stannous fluoride; toothpaste; enamel; oral health; oral hygiene dentistry; stannous fluoride; toothpaste; enamel; oral health; oral hygiene
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fiorillo, L.; Cervino, G.; Herford, A.S.; Laino, L.; Cicciù, M. Stannous Fluoride Effects on Enamel: A Systematic Review. Biomimetics 2020, 5, 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics5030041

AMA Style

Fiorillo L, Cervino G, Herford AS, Laino L, Cicciù M. Stannous Fluoride Effects on Enamel: A Systematic Review. Biomimetics. 2020; 5(3):41. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics5030041

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fiorillo, Luca, Gabriele Cervino, Alan Scott Herford, Luigi Laino, and Marco Cicciù. 2020. "Stannous Fluoride Effects on Enamel: A Systematic Review" Biomimetics 5, no. 3: 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics5030041

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