Black Boys’ and Young Men’s Experiences with Criminal Justice and Desistance in England and Wales: A Literature Review
2. Literature Review Method
3. Summary of Literature Review Themes
4. Background and Context
4.1. Young Black Men in the Youth and Adult Criminal Justice Systems in England and Wales
4.2. Experiences of Multiple Disadvantage
4.3. Political and Policy Context
6. Experiences with the Youth and Adult Criminal Justice Systems in Wales
7. The Needs of Young BAME People Involved in Offending
8. Desistance from Crime—Seeking to Understand the Experiences of Black Boys and Young Men
Conflicts of Interest
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Race is not a satisfactory term, as it is a social construction based on negative ethnic characteristics. However, it is used in this article as a means of articulating differentiation and othering through power and as a tool for analysis of this difference.
In England and Wales, the youth justice system deals with children and young people aged 10–17.
These groups did not take into account degrees of offence seriousness.
Joint Enterprise is a doctrine of common law that has been developed by the courts in cases where more than one person is to be prosecuted for the same offence, and it has emerged as a prosecution tool for the collective punishment of groups where it can be proved that the suspects were “in it together” (Williams and Clarke 2016).
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Robertson, L.; Wainwright, J.P. Black Boys’ and Young Men’s Experiences with Criminal Justice and Desistance in England and Wales: A Literature Review. Genealogy 2020, 4, 50. https://doi.org/10.3390/genealogy4020050
Robertson L, Wainwright JP. Black Boys’ and Young Men’s Experiences with Criminal Justice and Desistance in England and Wales: A Literature Review. Genealogy. 2020; 4(2):50. https://doi.org/10.3390/genealogy4020050Chicago/Turabian Style
Robertson, Laura, and John Peter Wainwright. 2020. "Black Boys’ and Young Men’s Experiences with Criminal Justice and Desistance in England and Wales: A Literature Review" Genealogy 4, no. 2: 50. https://doi.org/10.3390/genealogy4020050