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Evaluating Food Safety Knowledge and Practices among Foodservice Staff in Al Madinah Hospitals, Saudi Arabia

1
School of Food Science and Environmental Health, College of Sciences and Health, Technological University Dublin, City Campus, Cathal Brugha Street, Dublin D01 HV58, Ireland
2
College of Business, Technological University Dublin, City Campus, Aungier Street, Dublin D02 HW71, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2018 / Revised: 19 January 2019 / Accepted: 22 January 2019 / Published: 7 February 2019
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PDF [422 KB, uploaded 27 February 2019]
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Abstract

This study examines food safety knowledge and practices of food service staff in Al Madinah hospitals, Saudi Arabia. A total of 163 food service staff participated voluntarily from 10 hospitals across the city of Al Madinah. The participants completed a questionnaire composed of three parts: General characteristics, food safety knowledge, and food safety practices. Results showed that respondents generally had good food safety knowledge with the highest pass rate of 77.9% for knowledge of cross contamination followed by 52.8% for knowledge of food poisoning, and 49.7% of knowledge of food storage. Food safety practices were also strongly observed in the hospitals with a pass rate of 92.6%. Food safety knowledge among the hospital food service staff varied with the level of education, age, and having received food hygiene/safety practices, training while food safety practices had a significant association with the level of education and food hygiene/safety practices training of the staff. Spearman rho coefficient results showed that there was a significant linear relationship between food safety practice and food safety knowledge, and that food safety knowledge significantly predicts food safety practices. This research revealed the importance of education and consistent training of food service staff in improving knowledge and thereby better and safe food handling practices, which could contribute to apply food safety in the hospitals. View Full-Text
Keywords: food safety; food handler knowledge; food handler practices; food hygiene; foodborne illnesses food safety; food handler knowledge; food handler practices; food hygiene; foodborne illnesses
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Alqurashi, N.A.; Priyadarshini, A.; Jaiswal, A.K. Evaluating Food Safety Knowledge and Practices among Foodservice Staff in Al Madinah Hospitals, Saudi Arabia. Safety 2019, 5, 9.

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