Next Article in Journal
Application of the D3H2 Methodology for the Cost-Effective Design of Dependable Systems
Next Article in Special Issue
Safety Inspectorates and Safety Performance: A Tentative Analysis for Aviation and Rail in Norway
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
An Engineering or Behavioural Approach? A Study into Employees’ Perceptions Regarding the Effectiveness of Occupational Road Safety Initiatives
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Conceptual and Methodological Issues in Evaluations of Road Safety Countermeasures

Department of Family Medicine, University of Western Ontario, 2nd Floor, Western Centre for Public Health and Family Medicine, 1151 Richmond Street, London, ON N6A 5C1, Canada
Academic Editor: Tom Brijs
Received: 30 December 2015 / Revised: 26 February 2016 / Accepted: 14 March 2016 / Published: 18 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Road Safety Evaluation)
Full-Text   |   PDF [921 KB, uploaded 18 March 2016]   |  


Researchers have a long history in the conduct of evaluations of road safety countermeasures. However, despite the strengths of some evaluative road safety evaluations that align with previous and current thinking on program evaluation, few published road safety evaluations have followed standard conceptualization and methodology outlined in numerous program evaluation textbooks, journal articles and Web-based handbooks. However, conceptual and methodological challenges inherent in many evaluations of road safety countermeasures can affect causal attribution. Valid determination of causal attribution is enhanced by use of relevant theory or hypotheses on the putative mechanisms or pathways of change and by the use of a process evaluation to assess the actual implementation process. This article provides a detailed description of the constructs of causal chain, program logic models and process evaluation. This article provides an example of how these standard methods of theory-driven evaluation can improve the interpretation of outcomes and enhance causal attribution of a road safety countermeasure. View Full-Text
Keywords: road safety countermeasures; interventions; theory-based evaluation; process evaluation road safety countermeasures; interventions; theory-based evaluation; process evaluation

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Vingilis, E. Conceptual and Methodological Issues in Evaluations of Road Safety Countermeasures. Safety 2016, 2, 8.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Safety EISSN 2313-576X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top