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The Reconstruction of a Bronze Battle Axe and Comparison of Inflicted Damage Injuries Using Neutron Tomography, Manufacturing Modeling, and X-ray Microtomography Data

1
Department of Theory and Methods, Institute of Archaeology RAS, 117036 Moscow, Russia
2
Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Imaging 2020, 6(6), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/jimaging6060045
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 29 May 2020 / Accepted: 3 June 2020 / Published: 8 June 2020
A massive bronze battle axe from the Abashevo archaeological culture was studied using neutron tomography and manufacturing modeling from production molds. Detailed structural data were acquired to simulate and model possible injuries and wounds caused by this battle axe. We report the results of neutron tomography experiments on the bronze battle axe, as well as manufactured plastic and virtual models of the traumas obtained at different strike angles from this axe. The reconstructed 3D models of the battle axe, plastic imprint model, and real wound and trauma traces on the bones of the ancient peoples of the Abashevo archaeological culture were obtained. Skulls with traces of injuries originate from archaeological excavations of the Pepkino burial mound of the Abashevo culture in the Volga region. The reconstruction and identification of the injuries and type of weapon on the restored skulls were performed. The complementary use of 3D visualization methods allowed us to make some assumptions on the cause of death of the people of the Abashevo culture and possible intra-tribal conflict in this cultural society. The obtained structural and anthropological data can be used to develop new concepts and methods for the archaeology of conflict. View Full-Text
Keywords: cultural heritage; Bronze Age; 3D model reconstruction; weapon injuries reconstruction; neutron tomography; X-ray microtomography cultural heritage; Bronze Age; 3D model reconstruction; weapon injuries reconstruction; neutron tomography; X-ray microtomography
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Mednikova, M.; Saprykina, I.; Kichanov, S.; Kozlenko, D. The Reconstruction of a Bronze Battle Axe and Comparison of Inflicted Damage Injuries Using Neutron Tomography, Manufacturing Modeling, and X-ray Microtomography Data. J. Imaging 2020, 6, 45.

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